Downing Street said Theresa May remained committed to securing changes to the text of the legally-binding withdrawal agreement. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Brexiteer, Remainers trade recriminations following vote in House of Commons

UK prime minister Theresa May leaving 10 Downing Street yesterday. Photograph: Tolga Akmen/AFP/Getty Images

MPs reject a motion endorsing the approach approved in Commons only last month

Theresa May is driven out of the Houses of Parliament after losing a vote on her Brexit withdrawal Bill. Photograph: Niklas Halle’n/AFP/Getty Images

Brussels likely to wait and see, pending vote on February 27th that may lead to extension

A lorry carrying an effigy of Theresa May passes outside the Houses of Parliament, in Westminster. Photograph: Hannah McKay/Reuters

Tory chief whip in talks with backbenchers aiming to table motion ruling out backstop

Britain’s Prime Minister Theresa Mayspeaking during Prime Minister’s Questions in the House of Commons in London on Wednesday Photograph: Jessica Taylor/UK Parliament/ AFP/Getty

Downing Street declines to comment on remark May will give MPs ultimatum on deal

Michael D Higgins and his wife Sabina, along with  the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall   attend a reception at Victoria Gallery and Museum, University of Liverpool. Photograph: Peter Byrne/PA Wire

Michael D Higgins meets Prince Charles in Liverpool during latest leg of British visit

President Michael D Higgins lays a wreath at the memorial to the victims of the Birmingham bombings on the first day of an official visit. Photograph: Aaron Chown/PA Wire

Three steel trees commemorate the 21 people who died in attacks on two pubs in 1974

 British prime minister Theresa May, EU chief Brexit negotiator Michel Barnier and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Geert Vanden Wijngaert/AP

Corbyn’s letter to May has encouraged EU officials to believe a softer Brexit can come from Westminster

President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker receives prime minister Theresa May in Brussels. Photograph:  Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images

Varadkar to confirm EU’s repeated line to prime minister that backstop not on table

European Parliament president Antonio Tajani (right) and its head Brexit negotiator Guy Verhofstadt give a press briefing following a meeting with Theresa May in Brussels. Photograph: François Walschaerts/AFP/Getty Images

European Parliament Brexit negotiator urges ‘cross-party co-operation’ in Westminster

Taoiseach  Leo Varadkar and European Council president Donald Tusk during a statement following their meeting in Brussels on Wednesday. Photograph: AP Photo/Francisco Seco

British prime minister to meet EU Council leader Donald Tusk following comments

Shadow foreign secretary Emily Thornberry speaking  in the House of Commons. She called  for Brexit to be postponed beyond March 29th. Photograph:   House of Commons/PA Wire

DUP’s Sammy Wilson describes the European Council president as a ‘devilish, trident-wielding euro maniac’

British prime minister Theresa May at a community centre during her visit to Belfast on Tuesday. Photograph: Clodagh Kilcoyne/PA Wire.

The ‘Malthouse’ ideas are viewed on the European side as frankly ridiculous

Iain Duncan Smith and Theresa Villiers arrive at the cabinet office in Westminster for a meeting of the Alternative Arrangements Working Group to examine the Malthouse compromise. Photograph:  Stefan Rousseau/PA

PM persisting in backstop alternative quest while seeking to restore Stormont

British prime minister Theresa May has tasked attorney general Geoffrey Cox to formulate proposals to introduce a time limit or a unilateral exit mechanism to the backstop. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Viewed from Brussels, every part of the Malthouse compromise is out of the question

Britain’s business secretary Greg Clark says the government promised Nissan  its operations would not be hit by Brexit but the car manufacturer has abandoned production plans. Photograph: Toby Melville

Hilary Benn warns it is too late to seek alternatives such as Malthouse compromise

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May: the  official working group is  charged with finding “alternative arrangements” to replace the Northern Ireland backstop. Photograph:  Reuters/Henry Nicholls

Steve Baker warns PM she will face another defeat for Brexit deal if she fails to renegotiate withdrawal agreement

British prime minister Theresa May in the House of Commons on Wednesday. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/PA Wire

London Letter: Prime minister could still secure changes that could satisfy MPs

UK foreign secretary Jeremy Hunt says that even if Theresa May secures parliamentary approval for her Brexit deal, the deadline is too close to implement all legislation required. Photograph:  Daniel Mihailescu/ AFP/Getty Images

Foreign secretary says legislating for Brexit by March 29th deadline could be ‘impossible’

Tánaiste Simon Coveney on UK approach: “It’s like saying give me what I want or I’m jumping out the window.” Photograph: Niall Carson/PA Wire

Brussels likely to sit tight while MPs get another chance to block no-deal on February 14th

UK prime minister Theresa May met Jeremy Corbyn on Wednesday. Photograph: Mark Duffy/PA Wire

PM to meet MPs about ‘alternative arrangements’ for Border on Thursday

British prime minister Theresa May addresses MPs following the results of voting on amendments put forward by MPs over the Government’s Brexit deal, in the House of Common.

Brady amendment has identified backstop as the sole obstacle to ratifying the withdrawal agreement

British prime minister Theresa May  addresses MPs following the results of voting on amendments put forward by MPs over the Government’s Brexit deal, in the House of Commons, London, on Tuesday. Photograph: UK Parliament/Jessica Taylor/PA Wire

PM wants to secure ‘legally binding changes’ to withdrawal agreement

British prime minister Theresa May said she would seek legally binding changes to the Brexit withdrawal agreement that deal with concerns on the border backstop. Photograph: Reuters

Prime minister pledges to seek binding changes to Brexit withdrawal agreement

 The House of Commons is set to vote on amendments to Theresa May’s Brexit plan in parliament on Tuesday. Photograph: Neil Hall/EPA

Sources in Dublin dismiss plan, saying it contains no credible alternatives to backstop

British prime minister Theresa May arriving at Westminster on Monday. Photograph: Hannah McKay/Reuters

Logjam continues as Conservative Brexiteers say latest proposal does not go far enough

Graham Brady, chairman of the 1922 Committee of Tory backbenchers. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Brussels won’t like Brady idea but it might give May something to bring to the EU table

The consortium said retailers typically stored no more than two weeks’ inventory and it became difficult to restock stores if the supply chain was disrupted. Photograph: Matt Cardy/Getty Images

British Retail Consortium ‘extremely concerned’ about effects of disorderly Brexit

Britain’s health secretary Matt Hancock and MP Yvette Cooper on ‘The Andrew Marr Show’:  Photograph: Jeff Overs/BBC

Matt Hancock tells BBC TV Ireland would not want to push Britain to leave EU with no deal

Pro-EU campaigners outside parliament in London. Photograph: EPA/Andy Rain

Treasury secretary Mel Stride says EU would push for hard border to protect single market

British prime minister Theresa May. After losing the support of one-third of Conservatives and the DUP’s 10 MPs, she appeared to be seeking to form a new majority for a Brexit deal with the help of Labour votes. Photograph: Getty Images

London Letter: UK and EU are at odds once again as a result of growing risk of no-deal

British secretary of state for work and pensions Amber Rudd. “At the moment there is a lot of change going on. I have called for a free vote for the amendments on Tuesday, and we’ll see what position the government takes,” she told BBC’s Newsnight programme. Photograph: Will Oliver/EPA

Pressure on Theresa May as pensions secretary refuses to rule out resignation

Jacob Rees-Mogg, chairman of the European Research Group (ERG),  speaks above a photograph of former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher, during a meeting of pro-Brexit think tank the Bruges Group in London on Wednesday. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA

Hiring accelerated to deal with up to 20 million customs forms, a 12-fold increase

An anti-Brexit activist waves a British  and a European Union flag during a demonstration outside the Houses of Parliament in London. MPs heard yesterday that keeping the Irish Border open after Brexit will be hard to reconcile with the State’s EU responsibilities. Photograph: Daniel Leal-Olivas/Getty Images.

Dublin would have to enforce EU’s customs code, MPs told

Brexiteer Conservative MP Jacob Rees-Mogg: “I think the truth is that everybody wants a deal; the prime minister wants a deal, the EU wants a deal, the Irish want a deal.” Photograph:  Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

London ‘stands ready’ for bilateral talks on avoidance of hard Border in event of no-deal Brexit

British prime minister Theresa May: Former Labour minister Yvette Cooper and her allies want to block a no-deal Brexit by postponing the March 29th deadline if Mrs May fails to get a deal through parliament. Photograph: PA Wire

Amendments to include article 50 extension, customs union, new vote and backstop limit

  Labour MP Yvette Cooper:    Her amendment could oblige the UK government to postpone Brexit until the end of the year if the prime minister fails to win MPs’ approval for a deal by the end of next month. Photograph: Neil Hall/EPA

Tory amendment ‘likely to appeal to moderate MPs who just want Brexit sorted’

UK prime minister Theresa May. Photograph: Kirsty Wigglesworth/PA Wire

UK PM drops assertion that withdrawal pact must include position of last resort

 British prime minister Theresa May outside  10 Downing Street. She has rejected calls to rule out a no-deal Brexit or to soften her negotiating red lines in order to unlock a cross-party majority for a softer Brexit.  Photograph: Getty Images

Decision to seek a Brexit majority based on Conservative and DUP votes sets May on course for almost certain disappointment

 British prime minister Theresa May speaking in the House of Commons in London. Photograph: EPA/Parliamentary recording unit

British prime minister says she is not seeking to change aspects of the Belfast Agreement

British prime minister Theresa May will make a statement on Monday afternoon outlining her new Brexit proposals. Photograph: PA

Poland suggests time limit to backstop in first hint of dissension within EU

UK prime minister Theresa May. Photograph: Jack Taylor/Getty Images

Downing Street dismisses reports it wanted bilateral alternative to backstop

Labour’s shadow Brexit secretary Keir Starmer on the Andrew Marr Show on Sunday. Photograph: Jeff Overs/BBC/PA

Former Brexit secretary claims Coveney was open to discussing unilateral backstop exit

‘It will take time, but Border controls would be the consequence of a no-deal scenario’

Liam Fox admits Britain may not be able to replace any of the EU’s trade deals ahead of March 29th

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May: to win opposition votes, she will have to move towards a softer Brexit. Photograph: Henry Nicholls

London Letter: Unyielding principles of PM unlikely to play well in talks with opposition

 Labour  leader Jeremy Corbyn winks to a colleague during  a political rally  in Hastings, southeast England, on Thursday. Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

British prime minister meets MPs from all sides of the debate in Downing Street

Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn during prime minister’s questions in the House of Commons. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/AFP/Getty Images

Labour leader’s attacks on floundering May blunted by his own Brexit evasions

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May makes a statement outside 10 Downing Street after winning a confidence vote. Photograph: Henry Nicholls/Reuters

Jeremy Corbyn rebuffs prime minister’s invite to talks on the UK’s exit from the EU

Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the Labour Party, speaks following Theresa May’s win in a confidence vote. Photograph: Jessica Taylor/Handout via Reuters

Prime minister resisting Corbyn’s demands that she drop no-deal ‘blackmail’ threat

British prime minister Theresa May in the House of Commons on Tuesday for the meaningful vote on her Brexit withdrawal deal. Photograph:  Mark Duffy/UK Parliament

Bad day for PM begins with warnings on cod and plaice and ends with slap like a wet fish

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PM vows to work with MPs across House after deal defeated by 230 votes

British prime minister Theresa May in the House of Commons on Tuesday. Under a future amendment MPs could attempt to make a no-deal Brexit illegal. Photograph: EPA/Parliamentary handout

Corbyn’s no confidence motion should be defeated but there is no majority for any kind of Brexit

Pro and anti-Brexit demonstrators outside the Houses of Parliament in London before Tuesday’s  vote on Theresa May’s Brexit deal.  Photograph:  Stefan Rousseau/ PA Wire

Prime minister admits letter from Juncker and Tusk does not address MPs’ concerns

British prime minister Theresa May issues her latest statement on Brexit to MPs in the House of Commonson Monday. Photograph: PA Wire

Defeat could see prime minister pivot from hardline Brexiteers towards softer Brexit

Prime minister Theresa May told MPs that history would judge them harshly if they failed to deliver on the result of the 2016 referendum.  Photograph:  PA Wire

British prime minister asks MPs to take a second look at her Brexit deal

A copy of the letter send by European Council president Donald Tusk and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker to Theresa May on Monday. Photograph:  Yves Herman/Illustration/Reuters

British PM welcomes ‘valuable clarifications’ as DUP says letter only bolstered concerns

Theresa May: more likely that parliament would insist on a second referendum.   Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Senior health service officials concerned about access to some 45 key drugs

British prime minister Theresa May  after attending a church service near her Maidenhead constituency on Sunday. Photograph: Andrew Matthews/PA Wire

Corbyn declines to endorse second referendum on Brexit if confidence motion fails to precipitate a general election

Former attorney general Dominic Grieve speaking during a convention on a second EU referendum at the Emmanuel Centre in central London. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Conservative rebel believes UK prime minister should ask for article 50 deadline to be extended

After months during which the fronts on both sides of the Commons chamber seemed frozen, some MPs are beginning to shift position. Photograph: UK Parliament/Mark Duffy/PA Wire

London Letter: Political convulsion begins to play out as decision time looms

On the day British prime minister Theresa May met Japanese PM Shinzo Abe the embattled Mrs May reached out to two big unions in a bid to build support ahead of next week’s meaningful vote. Photograph: Getty Images

British PM offers labour and environmental safeguards to leaders of Unite and GMB unions

Speaker John Bercow in the House of Commons. Photograph: UK Parliament/Mark Duffy/PA Wire

Analysis: MPs approve Dominic Grieve’s amendment in move to take back control

Theresa May speaking during prime minister’s questions in the House of Commons in London on January 9th. Photograph: UK Parliament/Mark Duffy/PA Wire

UK parliament forces prime minister to quickly present ‘plan B’ if withdrawal deal rejected

Locked gates at Stormont Buildings in Co Down, east of Belfast. Photograph: Niall Carson/PA

DUP denounces move by British government as ‘cosmetic and meaningless’

Michael Gove: he  criticised MPs who risked making the perfect the enemy of the good by holding out for a better deal. File photograph: Phil Noble/Reuters

First defeat on a finance bill in 40 years could have big political impact on what happens between now and March 29th

Labour Party MP Yvette Cooper was one of the leading backers of the amendment to the finance Bill. File photograph: Oli Scarff/AFP/Getty Images

Parliament votes to restrict taxation powers if Britain leaves EU without agreement

Taoiseach Leo Varadkar meets Irish troops in Mali during his visit to Africa.

Tánaiste to warn time for ‘wishful thinking’ is over if Britain is to avoid no-deal Brexit

 Brexit secretary Stephen Barclay arriving   at No 10 Downing Street to meet  British prime minister Theresa May. Photograph:   EPA/Facundo Arrizabalaga

May insists MPs will vote on her Brexit deal next week, although dozens of Conservatives have promised to vote against it

British prime minister Theresa May remains convinced that the DUP’s 10 MPs are the key to unlocking the support of Conservative Brexiteers for her deal. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Prime minister expected to seek EU concessions following presumed Commons defeat

UK prime minister Theresa May (centre) sits with members of her cabinet on December 20th Photograph: Adrian Dennis/WPA Pool/Getty

May is in a stronger position than a year ago, but now faces perilous challenges

Leader of the House of Commons Andrea Leadsom. Photograph: House of Commons/PA Wire

Cross-party group of MPs tables finance Bill amendment to rule out a no-deal scenario

Jo Churchill MP urges Commons speaker John Bercow to look at a video clip of Jeremy Corbyn as education secretary Damian Hinds, Andrew Stephenson MP, Mike Freer MP and health secretary Matt Hancock look on, on Wednesday. Photograph: UK Parliament/Mark Duffy/PA Wire

Dodds says Brussels reassurances not enough if PM is to win vote on withdrawal deal

Jacob Rees-Mogg: “She won the vote, and therefore I have to accept the result of a democratic vote – similar to what I’ve been saying about the referendum.”   Photograph: EPA/Will Oliver

Brussels still sceptical about May winning parliamentary approval for her deal even with further reassurances on the backstop

Theresa May’s cabinet agreed to ramp up preparations in case MPs were to reject the withdrawal agreement next month. Photograph: Leon Neal/Getty Images

Brussels to publish no-deal contingency plans as UK readies troops in case of disorder

Britain’s defence secretary Gavin Williamson  and attorney general Geoffrey Cox:  plans include chartering ferries for supplies of food and medicines. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga

Ad campaigns will advise firms of necessary steps, with army preparing for contingencies

 British Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn’s move does not shift the party closer to a position of advocating a second referendum, as many of its anti-Brexit supporters would like. File photograph: Mario Cruz/EPA

Labour’s no-confidence motion does not oblige May to move forward vote on deal

British prime minister Theresa May made the pledge immediately after Labour promised to push for a no-confidence vote in the prime minister if she failed to name a date. Photograph: HO / PRU / AFP

MPs to vote on deal in week of January 14th, prime minister tells Commons

Theresa May is to say on Monday: ‘Let us not break faith with the British people by trying to stage another referendum.’ Photographer: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

Some cabinet ministers believe MPs should have ‘indicative vote’ on alternative options

Theresa May: “We will be working expeditiously over the coming days to seek those further assurances that I believe MPs will need.” Photographer: Jasper Juinen/Bloomberg

British PM says official conclusions of meeting of 27 leaders represented progress

British Prime Minister Theresa May will make a statement to parliament about the summit on Monday and take questions from MPs about the future of her Brexit deal. Photograph: John Thys / AFP/Getty Images

May seized on the conclusions which stated that the backstop would be temporary

Theresa May arriving at the European Council for the start of the two-day EU summit on December 13th, 2018 in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph:  Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

Prediction that May would have to bring Brexit deal before Commons a number of times

 European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker  and president of the European Council Donald Tusk at a press conference at the end of first day at the European Council in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

‘We don’t want the UK to think there can be any form of renegotiation whatsoever,’ says Juncker

British prime minister Theresa May arrives for a meeting at an EU summit in Brussels. Photograph: AP Photo/Alastair Grant

PM tells European leaders she can get exit deal through parliament with ‘right assurances’

DUP leader Arlene Foster. Photograph: Henry Nicholls/Reuters

Analysis: British PM has set a bar for EU negotiations that may be impossible to overcome

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May makes a statement outside 10 Downing Street after she survived an attempt by Tory MPs to oust her with a vote of no confidence. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Prime minister wins by 200 votes to 117 and pledges to seek legal assurances from EU

Graham Brady, chairman of the 1922 Committee, announces that Theresa May has survived an attempt by Tory MPs to oust her as party leader. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Prime minister tells MPs she recognises she cannot lead Tories into election set for 2022

UK prime minister Theresa May walks back to number 10 after making a statement in Downing Street. Photograph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Analysis: It seems if May wins tonight’s vote by any margin, she will stay put

British  prime minister Theresa May makes a statement outside 10 Downing Street, London, after she survived an attempt by Tory MPs to oust her. Photograph: Victoria Jones/PA Wire

Conservative MPs back British prime minister as Brexit deal hangs in the balance

British prime minister Theresa May and  European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker at the European Commission headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Reuters/Yves Herman

Juncker says there is ‘no room whatsoever’ for renegotiation of the withdrawal treaty

British prime minister Theresa May arrives for a meeting with European Council president Donald Tusk at the European Council in Brussels, Belgium. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/EPA

Conservative hardliners believe they are close to triggering confidence vote on prime minister

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May in the   House of Commons on December 10th. She told the house that a vote on her  Brexit deal would be  deferred. Photograph:  Getty Images

Analysis: Prime minister’s enemies on the Conservative backbenches are ready to strike again

Britain’s prime minister Theresa May returns to Downing Street after postponing the parliamentary vote on her Brexit deal. Photograph: Ben  Stansall/AFP/Getty Images

Prime minister calls off Commons vote on the deal rather than face crushing defeat

Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn: said to prime minister Theresa May there was no point bringing back the same deal with cosmetic changes. Photograph:  Parbul/PA

UK government has lost control and is in disarray, says Corbyn as key vote cancelled

A view of a Ukip ‘Brexit Betrayal’ march in London, Britain, on Sunday. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

British PM speaks to Leo Varadkar by phone ahead of vote in the House of Commons

UK Independence Party  and pro-Brexit supporters at the “Brexit Betrayal” march in London on Sunday. Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Some Conservatives fear vote will bring big defeat for May and doom her Brexit proposal

 British prime minister Theresa May speaks at a press conference  in Brussels last month. Photograph: Sean Gallup/Getty Images

Parliamentary vote could have a number of possible outcomes, including another referendum

Cargo trucks wait to embark ferries in front of the white cliffs at the Port of Dover. Photograph: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg via Getty Images

More than recommended six weeks of medicines should be stockpiled – health minister

 Pro-EU supporters call for a People’s Vote outside the British Houses of Parliament on  December 6th, 2018:   Some claim the backstop creates a problem of democratic control upwards because people in Northern Ireland would be subject to EU rules without any democratic representation in the EU. Photograph: Andy Rain

London Letter: Democracy, damage and cross-sea trade key subjects of Brexit talks

British prime minister Theresa May lights up Downing Street Christmas tree: “Overwhelmingly, the message I’ve heard is that people want us to get on with it.” Photograph: Dominic Lipinski/PA

Protective elements of proposed exit accord will be highlighted amid calls to stall vote

Anti-Brexit demonstrators protest outside  the Houses of Parliament in London yesterday. Neither Brussels nor Dublin will offer any concessions ahead of the Brexit vote to help British prime minister Theresa May win it. Photograph:  Ben Stansall/Getty Images

The politics of Northern Ireland look set to sink agreement in next week’s vote

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