Irish honey among world’s healthiest, study finds
University researchers find urban bees make better honey than their country cousins
Irish heather honey contains health benefits comparable with the world renowned manuka honey from New Zealand, according to a study from researchers at Dublin City University and Trinity College Dublin.
Honey provides many benefits for overall health, with antioxidant, antibacterial, antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory properties.
Manuka honey is produced in New Zealand by bees that pollinate the native manuka bush. Advocates say it has particularly strong properties that are useful for treating wound infections and actually prevents damage to cell tissue.
Multifloral honeys produced by urban bees had a greater level of antioxidant phenolic compounds than their rural counterparts
The Irish research found a similar overall presence of powerful antioxidants called phenolic compounds in Irish heather honey as has been found in manuka honey.
Researchers also found that multifloral honeys produced by urban bees had a greater level of antioxidant phenolic compounds than their rural counterparts – a finding possibly due to the flower diversity and abundance surrounding hives.
The findings are published in the prestigious journal Food Chemistry.
The research was led by PhD student Saorla Kavanagh of the school of chemical sciences and DCU Water Institute, and supervised by senior academics Dr Blánaid White of the school of chemical sciences in DCU and Prof Jane Stout of the school of natural sciences, Trinity College Dublin.
Irish heather honey had the highest total phenolic content of all Irish single origin honeys
Honey samples for the research, which was funded by the Irish Research Council, were donated by beekeepers across Ireland.
The research also represented the first ever comparison of Irish single-origin honeys; heather, ivy and oilseed rape and multifloral honeys.
– Honeys with a dark colour typically have a higher total phenolic content and thus a higher antioxidant capacity.
– Urban multifloral honeys had a higher total phenolic content than rural multifloral honeys.
– Irish heather honey had the highest total phenolic content of all Irish single origin honeys and had a higher total phenolic content than manuka honey.
– Ivy honey was the darkest Irish honey analysed and its total phenolic content was less than that of heather and manuka honeys.
Dr White said the research “shows that Irish honey is a high-quality product and something that we should really value".
Prof Stout said finding a difference in honey composition between urban and rural hives "probably reflects the difference in flower availability in urban and rural areas in Ireland”.