Gingrich victory throws race open


Republican presidential candidate Newt Gingrich trounced front-runner Mitt Romney in South Carolina yesterday in a jarring victory that indicates the party's battle to pick a challenger to US president Barack Obama may last months, not weeks.

Mr Gingrich's come-from-behind triumph in the primary in the conservative southern state injects unexpected volatility into a Republican nominating race that until this week appeared to be a coronation for Mr Romney, the former Massachusetts governor and private-equity chief.

Instead, voters in South Carolina rejected Mr Romney's pitch that he is the best bet to fix a broken US economy and defeat Mr Obama, a Democrat, in the November 6th election.

Three different candidates - Mr Gingrich, Mr Romney and former US senator Rick Santorum - now have won the first three contests in the state-by-state battle for the Republican presidential nomination to face Mr Obama.

Mr Gingrich's triumph may lead to a protracted battle of attrition as Republican candidates spend millions of dollars to tear each other down rather than uniting behind a standardbearer to take back the White House.

With nearly all the votes counted, Mr Gingrich had pulled in 40 per cent of the vote, followed by Romney with 28 per cent, networks reported.

Mr Santorum was in third with 17 per cent and US congressman Ron Paul in fourth with 13 per cent. The next contest is the Florida primary on January 31st.

Riding a series of feisty debate performances, the former speaker of the House of Representatives captured the lingering unease of conservative voters in South Carolina who view Mr Romney's moderate past and shifting policy stances with suspicion.

Mr Gingrich argued that he would be able to better articulate the party's conservative ideals.

South Carolina was a stunning turnaround for Mr Gingrich, whose campaign barely survived after top staff quit last June and stumbled to a disappointing finish just three weeks ago in Iowa, the first Republican nominating contest.

He finished fourth in both Iowa and New Hampshire a week later as conservatives split their votes among several candidates.

Mr Gingrich contrasted his sometimes-chaotic management style with Mr Romney's buttoned-down approach, arguing that his campaign was powered by ideas rather than logistics.

Mr Romney is one of the wealthiest candidates ever to run for president and his campaign is well financed.

"We don't have the kind of money that at least one of the candidates have. But we do have ideas and we do have people," Mr Gingrich told supporters in a 22-minute tirade against Mr Obama, the news media, judges and other "elites".

Mr Romney acknowledged that there will be a long primary season. He said he would continue to run on his business record and paint Mr Gingrich as a creature of Washington in the weeks ahead.

"I don't shrink from competition, I embrace it," Mr Romney told supporters. "I believe competition makes us all better. I know it's making our campaign stronger."

Mr Obama, who does not face a primary challenger, will have his turn in the spotlight on Tuesday with his State of the Union address.

In a message to supporters yesterday, he said the speech would focus on "building an economy that works for everybody, not just a wealthy few."