Shaun Abrahams: Since his appointment, he  has been accused of displaying bias in favour of President Jacob Zuma around criminal cases, allegations Mr Abrahams denies. Photograph:  Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Shaun Abrahams to vacate post, with president barred from appointing replacement

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa: The  930 voting delegates   from branches that did not finalise their nominations   on time could change the shape of the ANC leadership race. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

President Zuma expected to be recalled from office unless former wife wins party poll

Zimbabwe’s former minister of finance Ignatius Chombo  leaves Harare Magistrate Court shackled to former Zanu-PF Youth League chairperson Kudzai Chipanga. Photograph: Zinyange Auntony/AFP/Getty

In apparent purge by Emmerson Mnangagwa, five enemies in Zanu-PF pushed out

President Emmerson Mnangagwathe: denies any involvement in Gukurahundi massacres. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

People in Matabeleland who suffered badly under Mugabe are sceptical of new pledges

Emmerson Mnangagwa  and his wife Auxillia arrive at the presidential inauguration ceremony in the capital Harare, Zimbabwe, on Friday. Photograph: AP Photo/Ben Curtis

Zimbabwe’s new president hits right notes at swearing in after toppling of Mugabe

Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses supporters on Wednesday in Harare in advance of his swearing-in as Zimbabwe’s president Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

Pressure must be kept on ruling Zanu-PF party if free elections are to be achieved

Emmerson Mnangagwa addresses supporters and the media at the Zimbabwe African National Union – Patriotic Front (Zanu-PF) headquarters in Harare, Zimbabwe, on Wednesday. Photograph: Kim Ludbrook/EPA

Profile: The man carrying nation’s hopes has had a long and turbulent career in politics

Zimbabweans celebrate after  Robert Mugabe resigns as president after nearly four decades in power. Photograph:  Reuters/Mike Hutchings

Emmerson Mnangagwa, known as ‘the Crocodile’, expected to be installed as new leader

University of Zimbabwe demonstration against Mugabe and his wife. Photograph: AFP Photo/Getty Images

Zimbabwean president had been given deadline to stand down or face impeachment

 People carry placards during a demonstration demanding the resignation of Zimbabwe’s president Robert Mugabe  in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Jubilation in Harare as pent-up opposition to long-time president spills on to streets

Zimbabwean coup: President Mugabe at a university graduation ceremony on Friday. Photograph: Ben Curtis/AP

Coup’s surgical nature points to sacked vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa

  Zimbabwe’s former vice-president Emmerson Mnangagwa: It is  believed that  tensions between Mr Mnangagwa and Mr Mugabe’s wife, Grace, around who will succeed the Zimbabwean president were behind his  removal from office. Photograph: Jekesai Njikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Former ally Emmerson Mnangagwa says he fled country due to ‘incessant threats’

Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe’s wife Grace Mubage, with Emmerson  Mnangagwa  – whom Mr Mugabe has dismissed as vice president – at a gathering of the Zanu-PF party’s politburo in Harare on February 10th, 2016. Photograph: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters

President’s wife likely to lead country next as opposition figures court ‘crocodile’

South Africa’s then education minister Blade Nzimande signs an agreement in Paris alongside his French counterpart, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, while presidents Jacob Zuma and François Hollande look on, in July 2016. Photograph: Jeremy Lempin/Reuters

South African president’s decision may have grave repercussions in 2019 general election

South Africa’s president, Jacob Zuma. The Gupta brothers are accused of using their relationships with Zuma and other politically-connected individuals to illegally acquire billions of rand in state contracts. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

KPMG and McKinsey linked to allegations in relation to firms owned by Gupta brothers

South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma. South Africa’s appeals court has ruled that Zuma must face a range of corruption charges. File photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

South African court reinstates 783 counts of fraud, racketeering and money-laundering

Emmerson Mnangagwa was  stripped of his  influential post in an overnight cabinet reshuffle. Photograph:  AFP/Getty Images

Zimbabwe’s president promotes members associated with faction loyal to his wife

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa takes part in a press conference in London, England. Photograph: Glyn Kirk/AFP/Getty Images

A brawl in East London is part of the latest twist in the party’s hunt for Jacob Zuma’s successor

 A member of South Africa’s Congress of South Africa Trade Unions (Cosatu) waves a sign during a demonstration calling for the removal of South Africa’s President Jacob Zuma  in Johannesburg. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

ANC alliance partners mobilise thousands for rallies in all nine provincial capitals

South African parliament speaker Baleka Mbete, left, talks with ANC treasury general Zweli Mkhize, right, at the ruling party’s policy conference. Photograph: Gianluigi Guercia/AFP/Getty Images

South African party’s treasurer-general Zweli Mkhize could slip in between warring cliques

 South African president Jacob Zuma has suffered a blow in his efforts to ensure his preferred candidate is elected to succeed him. Photograph: Reuters/Mike Hutchings

South African court declares party’s national elective conference ‘unlawful and void’

South African president Jacob Zuma has links to the  Gupta family, who Bell Pottinger portrayed as part of a struggle to defeat ‘white monopoly capital’. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

PR firm’s disgrace seen as warning to other unethical businesses

 South African president Jacob Zuma speaks during a question-and-answer session in parliament, Cape Town, South Africa,  August 31st, 2017. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

KwaZulu-Natal court outcome may be game changer in race for South Africa president

ANC president Jacob Zuma: he is due to step down as ANC leader at the end of this year. Photograph: Getty Images

Scale of murders in KwaZulu-Natal has emerged in inquiry looking at political killings

South African model Gabriella Engels, who claims she was assaulted by Zimbabwe’s first lady, Grace Mugabe, looks on during a press conference at the civil rights organisation AfriForum on Thursday in Centurion. Photograph:  Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty Images

Model claims Zimbabwe’s first lady whipped her with electric extension cable

Wexford man Shane Kelly (48), and his children (from left) Rosa (14), Maisie (12) and Rudy (8) outside Casa Batlo in the center of Barcelona about an hour before the terrorist attack. Photograph: Alice Gilmour

Wexford man and family locked into Barcelona museum for two hours during attack

Grace Mugabe  speaks to her husband,   Zimbabwe president Robert Mugabe, at a 2016 event in Harare.

Zimbabwe’s first lady accused of assaulting model in South Africa at weekend

South African president Jacob Zuma after winning a vote of no confidence speaks to a crowd of his supporters outside parliament in Cape Town. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

President survives no-confidence motion but is unlikely to lead ANC into 2019 elections

South African president Jacob Zuma addresses his supporters after he survived a no-confidence motion in Cape Town, South Africa, August 8th, 2017. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

198 MPs vote against bid to remove president, 177 vote for motion and nine abstain

Jacob Zuma: Tuesday’s vote on Mr Zuma’s future will be the eight vote of confidence in his presidency to take place since he first came to office in 2009. Photograph:  Phill Magakoe/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition believes ruling party MPs would not vote against South African president in public

Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta greets thousands of cheering supporters at a rally in Nairobi, Kenya. Photograph: Dai Kurokawa/EPA

Tribal identity politics rather than broad-based party politics still dominate

Former Irish president Mary Robinson and Graça Machel, widow of former president Nelson Mandela, join a walk to commemorate what would have been Mandela’s 99th birthday in Cape Town, South Africa. Photograph: REUTERS/Mike Hutchings

Supporting community organisations was response to growth of xenophobia, nationalism and populism

Zambian president Edgar Lungu in Lusaka. In response to the allegations that he is becoming increasingly dictatorial, Lungu insisted Zambia was Africa’s most accomplished democracy, and that he was only trying to bring “sanity” to the country. Photograph: Dawood Salim/Getty

Request for state of emergency seen as latest sign of efforts to quell dissent to his rule

Kenyan opposition leader Raila Odinga, the presidential candidate of the National Super Alliance (Nasa) coalition, at a  campaign rally  in Nairobi, Kenya .  Photograph: Thomas Mukoya/Reuters

Realignment of political forces and fears of tribal violence ahead of August 8th election

South African gold miners: The mining sector is one of the pillars of the South African economy, accounting for about 7 per cent of the country’s economic output despite its decline.

Revised government Mining Charter described as ‘illegal’ and ‘unconstitutional’

South Africa’s president, Jacob Zuma; Winnie Mandela, wife of the late president Nelson Mandela; and the country’s deputy president, Cyril Ramaphosa, at the ANC’s national policy conference in   Johannesburg. Photograph: Gianluigi Guercia/AFP/Getty Images

South Africa’s ruling party beset by factionalism, corruption and dwindling support

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa, a front-runner in the race to succeed Jacob Zuma in December as ANC leader. Photograph: Siyabulela Duda/EPA

Party’s deputy head and president’s former wife front-runners in internal election

Western Cape premier Helen Zille, who will face disciplinary proceedings by her political party, Democratic Alliance, on Friday over tweets she made about colonialism. Photograph: Schalk van Zuydam/AP

Western Cape premier accused of ‘racism’ and faces disciplinary proceedings

South African president Jacob Zuma: has five working days to hand over documents explaining his decision to fire his finance minister and shuffle his cabinet.  Photograph: EPA

Move after court orders president to hand over documents explaining firing of finance minister

Zimbabwe main opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai (left) and former vice-president Joice Mujuru (right) sign a memorandum of understanding to negotiate a coalition ahead of the 2018 general election in Harare. Photograph: Jekesai Nijikizana/AFP/Getty Images

Movement for Democratic Change and National People’s Front sign pact ahead of 2018 vote

Demonstrators march in protest against South African president Jacob Zuma, to ask for his resignation, in Pretoria. Photograph: Luigi Guercia/AFP/Getty Images

Ten South African opposition parties unite to seek end to president’s reign

Demonstrators carry banners as they take part in a protest calling for the removal of South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma in Johannesburg on Friday. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Protests following cabinet reshuffle the culmination of years of opposition to president

South African President Jacob Zuma: facing a growing challenge from within his own party. Photograph: Phill Magakoe/Getty Images

Calls intensify for leader to stand down as demonstrations planned

“Complete nonsense”: Former finance minister Pravin Gordhan with the intelligence report  president Jacob Zuma used to justify firing him. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Sacking of ministers sparks street protests and split among ANC leadership

Pravin Gordhan: South Africa’s finance minister and his deputy, Mcebisi Jonas, head into  to a court hearing in Pretoria. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Coalition communists object to accusation that ministers in bid to upturn government

Sihle Bolani: The South African media consultant claims the ANC mounted a disinformation campaign against political rivals.

Disgruntled consultant claims ANC prepared to spend millions on secret media operation

South African president Jacob Zuma: decision taken by him and the minister of justice Michael Masutha to withdraw from The Hague-based court without parliamentary approval amounted was a breach of the separation of powers. Photograph: Nic Bothma

Pretoria high court says exit of International Criminal Court a breach of Zuma’s powers

A boy has his arm measured to see if he is suffering from malnutrition during a nutritional assessment at an emergency medical facility supported by UNICEF in Kuach,  South Sudan. Photograph: Kate Holt/UNICEF via AP

UN warns millions are threatened by starvation if international community fails to act

Johannesburg’s Oliver Tambo international airport, where police are allegedly confiscating drugs and selling them on

Seized contraband allegedly channelled to streets of Johannesburg for sale

Miners  at the end of their night shift at the Leonine mine in Rustenburg, South Africa. Photograph: Reuters

African leaders showcase mining opportunities at Cape Town conference

Security officials and members of the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters engage in a brawl in the National Assembly in Cape Town  during a speech by South Africa’s president Jacob Zuma on Thursday. Photograph: Sumaya Hisham/AFP/Getty Images

Jacob Zuma’s government accused of allowing armed soldiers to enter assembly

An injured man is carried by helpers from the scene of a car bomb attack at the Dayah Hotel, near Somalia’s parliament in central Mogadishu, on January 25th.  Photograph: Said Yusuf Warsame/EPA

Libya, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan still Africa’s major crisis areas, says new report

Zimbabwean pastor and anti-government activist Evan Mawarire, pictured in July 2016, who has been arrested on his return Harare after spendig six months in the United States. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Evan Mawarire detained at airport after returning from six-month exile in New York

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma: some of her critics  believe she only took the job of chairwoman of the African Union Commission to enhance her profile back in South Africa. Photograph: Rajesh Jantilal/AFP/Getty Images

Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the president’s ex-wife, is expected to bid for ANC leadership

Cyril Ramaphosa (left) with Jacob Zuma  in Soweto on Sunday for a ceremony marking the ANC’s 105th anniversary. The ANC hopes that Ramaphosa’s return to politics after a spell in the business world will help repair the party’s battered image among voters. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

Deputy leader and Jacob Zuma’s ex-wife among those sounding out party and electorate

Striking miners  on August 27th, 2012, near where police shot and killed 42 miners days earlier. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reuters

Four years after Marikana Massacre state announces charges and compensation

South African president Jacob Zuma  has survived a vote of no confidence. Photograph: Nic Bothma/AFP Photo/Getty Images

Scandal-hit South African leader will not be head of the party by time of 2019 elections

Alcohol consumption and speeding are two of the major contributors to road traffic deaths on South Africa’s roads

Almost 13,000 people die each year with the N2 being its most dangerous deathtrap

Police fire rubber bullets during recent riots in Cape Town. They have added gunshot detection technology to their armoury in seeking to curb the city’s gang violence. Photograph: AP/Schalk van Zuydam

City official says using gunshot detection technology has cut crime dramatically

South African president Jacob Zuma: ongoing legal battles are threatening to undo his presidency. Photograph: Sumaya Hisham/Reuters

Analysis: President today seeks to prevent release of report into links to businessmen

South Africa’s finance minister Pravin Gordhan:  charged with fraud over early retirement package allegedly approved for a revenue official.  Photograph: Waldo Swiegers/Bloomberg

Lawyer refused to take part in fraud investigation into finance minister Pravin Gordhan

 Caroline Nganga, Sr Ursla Agga, Lydia Birongo at the Medical Missionaries of Mary Mukuru Health Centre: They are only too aware of how endemic challenges such as gender-based violence and patriarchy are in the slum, and how difficult it will be to overcome them. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

Poverty persists in Kenyan capital while violence against women is at epidemic levels

Finance minister Pravin Gordhan: was publicly charged with fraud and theft by the National Prosecuting Authority.  Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko

South Africa’s ruling party ‘worse than apartheid state’ over finance minister scandal

South Africa’s minister for finance Pravin Gordhan: Analysts have said the charges against him are politically motivated, and some suspect the hand of president Jacob Zuma is guiding the National Prosecution Authority.    Photograph: Christopher Goodney/Bloomberg

Pravin Gordhan refuses to ask prosecution not to proceed with fraud charges against him

South Africa’s finance minister Pravin Gordhan has gained widespread support locally and internationally for the manner in which he has tried to bring corruption and wasteful spending in government under control. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

South African family accused of using links with Zuma to further its business interests

South African public protector Thuli Madonsela:  planned to release findings  on her last day in  office. Photograph: EPA/STR

Court delays publication of inquiry into influence of Gupta brothers in government

Pravin Gordhan, South Africa’s finance minister: many South Africans believe President Jacob Zuma and his allies are behind the charges. Photograph:  Jason Alden/Bloomberg

Jacob Zuma backs Pravin Gordhan, who claims charges are politically motivated

South Africa’s finance minister Pravin Gordhan during a Bloomberg television interview in New York on  October 4th.   Photograph: Christopher Goodney/Bloomberg

Pravin Gordhan has won respect for efforts to tackle state-sponsored corruption

Waves for Change hold surf therapy sessions with young people from volatile backgrounds in South Africa

Waves for Change use sport to connect with traumatised youths from townships

A student is seen during clashes with South African police at Johannesburg’s University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa on Tuesday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Weeks of student protests over rising third-level fees had closed the institutions

Academics, lecturers and students protest against fee increases at universities across the country under the banner #feemustfall outside parliament in Cape Town, South Africa, on Thursday. Education minister Blade Nzimande insisted many students could afford to pay higher fees. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Campuses in Johannesburg and Cape Town are shut as demonstrations continue

South African president Jacob Zuma  “raised the amount through a home loan obtained from VBS Mutual Bank on its standard terms”. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

South Africa president repays €481,000 owed to taxpayers as ordered by court

Disgruntled members of South Africa’s ruling African National Congress party demonstrate near party headquarters, demanding the resignation of President Jacob Zuma and the national executive committee, on Monday. Photograph: Gianluigi Guercia/AFP/Getty Images

Protesters call on Jacob Zuma to resign amid party outcry over minister’s statement

An Elephants Without Borders plane flying over a herd of elephants at the Ngoma border between Namibia and Botswana while taking part in the survey in February this year. Photograph: AFP/Elephants Without Borders

Just 350,000 remain in 18 countries, a 30 per cent fall in seven years

South African president and ANC leader Jacob Zuma: faced accusations, which he denied, that the Gupta brothers were offering senior government posts in return for favours. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Family accused of using close relationship with president Zuma to secure favours

Julius Malema, leader of South Africa’s Economic Freedom Fighters, at a media briefing in Alexander township on Wednesday. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Opposition DA to take lead role in several councils after ANC’s electoral setbacks

President Jacob Zuma: while there were a number of factors behind the ANC’s electoral decline  the unpopularity of Mr Zuma, who is accused of corruption and beset by scandals, was high among them. Photograph: Herman Verwey/AP Photo)

African National Congress takes collective responsibility for loss of four major ‘metros’

Mmusi Maimane, the first black leader of South Africa’s Democratic Alliance party,  at the local elections results centre in Pretoria on Thursday. Photograph:  Siphiwe Sibeko/Reuters

Black voters in urban areas abandon governing party in unprecedented numbers

South African deputy president and  African National Congress deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa. Photograph: GIanluigi Guercia/AFP/Getty Images

Polls show ruling party may lose control it has had in cities since democracy in 1994

Fr Andrew Yakulula with some of the Todonyang mission schoolchildren outside their church. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

Warring tribes, part 2: Church and charities ease tensions over scarce resources

One of the armed watchmen who guards Fr Andrew Yakulula and his mission community in Todonyang in Kenya. Photograph: Bill Corcoran

The Turkana and Dassanech tribes on Lake Turkana are fighting over shrinking resources

The bullet which entered Bill Brogan’s face below his left eye shattered the cheek bone, breached his brain and remains lodged in the skull. Photograph: The Irish Times

Bill Brogan (68) discovered unconscious by wife and son in doorway following shooting

There is a stock crisis in South Africa that is undermining many patients’ efforts to adhere to a treatment plan.

Shortage of HIV antiretroviral drugs hampering fight against Aids

Olympic athlete Oscar Pistorius holds the hand of a relative after sentencing at the high court in Pretoria: he was given a six-year sentence but is eligible for parole after serving three years. Photograph: Marco Longari/Pool/Getty Images

Ex-Paralympic athlete avoids 15-year sentence usually given in South Africa for murder

Eight speedboats belonging to Mozambican state company Proindicus  at the Maputo Harbour in Maputo: the firm borrowed  $622 million. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Ireland delays €6 million aid package as secret and questionable loans go missing

Oscar Pistorius takes his place in court during the third day of his murder sentence hearing at the Pretoria High Court in South Africa. Photograph: Siphiwe Sibeko/AFP/Getty Images

Paralympic athlete attends third day of sentence hearing for 2013 murder of girlfriend

Oscar Pistorius leaves the high court in Pretoria yesterday,  on the second day of his pre-sentencing hearing. Photograph: Marco Longari/AFP/Getty Images

South African Olympic athlete is being sentenced for the murder of Reeva Steenkamp

Jacob Zuma is in as president of South Africa in May 2009. The NPA’s decision will not only work in Mr Zuma’s favour, but also the ANC’s. Photograph: EPA

Move by the South African National Prosecution Authority has led to accusations it is protecting the president

Miners Matela Hlabathe and Vuyani Elliot Dwadube listening to the judgment in the silicosis court case at the Johannesburg High Court, in Johannesburg, South Africa, on Friday. Photograph: EPA/Shayne Robinson/Mutiny Media

Up to 500,000 former and current miners contracted lung disease from the 1960s on

Vodacom sign in South Africa

The trainee accountant who came up with the popular texting idea finally won his case by sheer persistence

South Africa’s main opposition party Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane celebrates  the Pretoria high court ruling that corruption charges against President Jacob Zuma could be reinstated. Photograph: Mujahid Safodien/AFP/Getty Images

President may face 783 arms deal-related charges that were dropped in 2009

Democratic Alliance leader Mmusi Maimane addresses up to 25,000 supporters at the launch of the party’s election manifesto: he told them South Africa under Jacob Zuma was moving backwards, and that change was needed to ensure the delivery of basic services. Photograph: EPA/Kevin Sutherland

Candidates make hay from corruption scandals that have eroded party’s support base

South African president and ANC president Jacob Zuma: he has been accused of high-level corruption which led to calls by the public and  within his party for him to step down. Photograph:  Michael Sheehan/AFP/Getty Images

Despite discontent with leadership, most back the president as ANC faces tough election

Pressure mounts on coach Allister Coetzee to give more black players a chance

South Africa’s deputy president Cyril Ramaphosa and president Jacob Zuma stand during the playing of the national anthem in parliament in Cape Town. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/Reutes

Opposition failed to have ANC leader Zuma impeached for flouting the constitution

 A member of the oppostion party Economic Freedom Fighters reacts during a debate over the removal of the president in parliament in Cape Town, South Africa, on Tuesday. Photograph: Nic Bothma/EPA

Motion to remove president from office defeated as ANC MPs rally to leader’s side

South African president Jacob Zuma: opposition parties and some respected ruling party members called on Mr Zuma to stand down following the court ruling against him. Photograph:  Nic Bothma/EPA

ANC party backs South African president after court rules he failed to uphold constitution

 President Jacob Zuma: the constitutional court unanimously ruled that South Africa’s first citizen had failed to “uphold, defend, and respect” the constitution. Photograph: Mike Hutchings/AP

President violated constitution by not repaying taxpayers’ money used on his home

South African president Jacob Zuma (right) with French president François Hollande during a summit on health and sanitary security. Photograph: Olivier Anrigo/EPA

As more politicians talk of a scandal, the African president’s support is dwindling

President Jacob Zuma at a Human Rights Day rally in Durban:  he was criticised in December for his abortive shuffle of finance ministers. Photograph: Rogan Ward/Reuters

The SA president has agreed after years to pay towards the upgrade of his rural home

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