Josep Maria Belver (77) wears a shirt with the colors of a separatist flag as he sings the Catalan anthem before a political meeting in favour of the independence referendum outside the University of Barcelona. Photograph: Jon Nazca/Reuters

On an overcast evening in Can Dragó, a recreational park, locals are gathering for a small rally in favour of Catalan independence, ahead of the refer(...)

A man holds a dummy ballot before participating in a symbolic vote organised two days before a banned independence referendum in Spain’s northeastern region of Catalonia. Photograph: Reuters/Rafael Marchante

The referendum on independence planned by the nationalist Catalan government for this Sunday is the culmination of decades, some would say centuries, (...)

People hold Catalan separatist flags on Catalonia day “Diada” in central Barcelona in 2014. Photograph: Albert Gea/Reuters

Nationalists in Catalonia have insisted there is still time for them to negotiate with the Spanish government, just hours after unveiling a so-called(...)

The whirlwind unleashed by Brexit within Britain’s increasingly dysfunctional family of nations has stirred things up in the even more fractious Spani(...)

Spain: ETA’s disarmament

The announcement that the Basque terrorist group Eta will finally put its arms beyond use, more than six years after it declared a unilateral “permane(...)

Former premier of Catalonia Artur Mas gives a press conference  yesterday. “We don’t regret a thing. We are democrats and we are proud of having given the people a voice,” he said. Photograph: Luis Genelluis/Getty Images

A Barcelona court has barred the former premier of Catalonia, Artur Mas, from elected office for two years for staging a referendum on independence in(...)

Catalan president Carles Puigdemont (left) with his predecessor Artur Mas following the conclusion of Mr Mas’s trial for organising an informal independence referendum in 2014. Photograph: Marta Perez/EPA

After several years of steadily increasing tensions between Madrid and Catalonia, in recent weeks the relationship has become particularly strained. (...)

Catalans protest outside a court in Barcelona  during the first day of the trial of former  Catalan  leader  Artur Mas. Photograph:  Josep Lago/AFP/Getty Images

The former head of Catalonia’s regional government has gone on trial in Barcelona for ignoring a Spanish constitutional ban and going ahead with a vot(...)

Artur Mas, former president of Catalonia: accused of disobeying court orders. Photograph:  Marta Perez/EPA

Three pro-independence politicians in Catalonia go on trial on Monday for defying the justice system, amid mounting legal tensions surrounding their r(...)

Acting prime minister Mariano Rajoy (left) and Catalan president Carles Puigdemont  at the Moncloa Palace in Madrid, Spain. Photograph: Susana Vera/Reuters

Spain’s inability to form a new government since an inconclusive general election in December, leading King Felipe VI to call new elections in the com(...)