An anti-government demonstration in   Sao Paulo recently. Photograph: EPA/Aaron Cadena Ovalle

Rousseff made great political capital by attacking the elite but may need to reach out to them to overcome recession

Brazil fighting entrenched legacy of racism on Black Consciousness Day

DOM’s kitchen  in São Paulo. DOM is the city’s perennial representative in lists of the world’s top 10 restaurants. Photograph:  Nelson Almeida/AFP/Getty Images

Fanatical following for food expert who rips into poor restaurant fare

Street vendors protesting against a 20 per cent increase in the cost of water yell at riot police in 2000, in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Photograph: Gonzalo Espinoza/AFP/Getty Images

South American country found itself in need of aid from IMF and World Bank

Brazil’s president Dilma Rousseff with predecessor  Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. In her last term she lacked his authority when it came to forging the  deals  for getting her agenda through congress. Photograph: Eraldo Peres/AP

Brazil’s president may find reform hard to achieve in her second term

Dilma Rousseff celebrates victory with her mentor Lula da Silva, who campaigned tirelessly for her election. Photograph: AP Photo/Eraldo Peres

President may tackle corruption by switching to public financing of political campaigns

Brazil’s president and Workers’ Party presidential candidate Dilma Rousseff greets her supporters at a rally near Rio de Janeiro on Wednesday. Rousseff is ahead in polls. Photograph: Ricardo Morae/Reuter

Incumbent finishes strongly in Brazilian election marked by strongly negative campaign

Brazil’s presidential candidates Dilma Rousseff of the Workers Party (left) and Aécio Neves of the Social Democratic Party after their television debate this week. Photograph: Paulo Whitaker/Reuters

Debate devoid of effort to focus on concerns of voters

Dubious alliances: Brazil’s president and candidate for re-election Dilma Rousseff greets supporters in Teresina, Piaui, on Wednesday. Photograph: Ichiro Guerra/EPA

Without meaningful reform, the ‘criminalisation of politics’ continues

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