The leaders of Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia sign  the peace agreement on Bosnia in  December 1995 whilst world leaders look on. Photo: Getty.

Could Russia’s military intervention in Syria be the prelude to – or even enable – a regional peace deal similar to the 1995 Dayton Agreement, which b(...)

Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko. After his last re-election five years ago prompting a brutal police crackdown and the arrest of hundreds of people, including several presidential candidates. Photograph: Nikolai Petrov/Belta/Pool/EPA

The European Union is poised to suspend sanctions on autocratic Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko and his allies, if Sunday’s election brings no (...)

A frame grab taken from footage released by Russia’s Defence Ministry on Monday, shows airstrikes carried out by the country’s air force in Syria. Photograph: Reuters 0:54

Nato’s secretary-general has rejected Moscow’s claim that its military incursion into alliance airspace over Turkey was not intentional or important, (...)

Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad: targeting of Syria shows Moscow gives priority to strengthening Damascus against near enemies rather than striking Islamic State. Photograph: Sana via Reuters

Russia’s deployment of war planes, missile systems, tanks, and armoured troop carriers has dramatically changed the shape of the conflict on the groun(...)

Uphill battle: the aftermath of air strikes in Kafr Nabel, a town in Idlib province. Photograph: Hadi al-Abdallah via AP

The timeline of Syria’s grinding civil war is dotted with illusory turning points. These were atrocities or grim milestones that the world assumed wou(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande at the start of a summit on Ukraine in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/Pool.

The Russian defence ministry said on Friday that it had bombed seven targets in Syria in overnight air raids, including a command post and a traini(...)

Stiff handshake: Russia’s president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande meet for bilateral talks before a summit to discuss the conflict in Ukraine in Paris. Photograph: Michel Euler/Reuters.

A long-scheduled summit of the leaders of France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine in Paris yesterday was intended to bring new dynamism to the peace proc(...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Russian president Vladimir Putin during a bilateral prior to a summit on Ukraine at the Elysee Palace in Paris. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/AFP/Getty Images

Russian president Vladimir Putin is meeting the leaders of Ukraine, France and Germany on Friday in a revived European push to bring peace to eastern (...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin’s decision this week to launch air strikes on Syria marks a dramatic escalation of foreign involvement in a 4-year-old civil war in which every major country in the region has a stake. Photograph: Regis Duvignau/Reuters 1:29

Russia bombed Syria for a third day on Friday, mainly hitting areas held by rival insurgent groups rather than the Islamic State fighters it said it w(...)

In this 2010 file photo, Syria president Bashar al-Assad addresses reporters following his meeting with French President Nicolas Sarkozy at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France. Photograph: AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere

Over the past two years, Bashar al-Assad has lost control of two-thirds of Syria. Last spring, Islamists took over most of the northwestern province o(...)