Tanks and armoured vehicles on display at the Army 2015 military fair in Russia. Vladimir Putin announced the expansion of Russia’s nuclear arsenal at the fair. Photograph: Maxim Shemetov/Reuters

Russia’s president Vladimir Putin has said that Russia would add more than 40 new intercontinental ballistic missiles to its nuclear arsenal this year(...)

A statue of Lenin in Tiraspol, the administrative capital of Transdniestria, an enclave in Moldova: for Moldovans who don’t believe in Russia, but have lost faith in the EU, there may be an alternative: Romania. Photograph: John Fleming

“Dracula is watching us to make sure it happens.” Bogdan Diaconu drags on yet another cigarette and smiles. The Romanian politician, president of the (...)

This article was supported by a grant from the Simon Cumbers Media Fund

The fall of the Berlin Wall more than 25 years ago transformed the political landscape in Europe, but its repercussions were felt much further afield.(...)

Governments everywhere are likely to come under pressure to adopt the German approach to subsidising renewables – placing all the burden of the Public Service Obligation on households – to protect the competitiveness of their industries

In all markets, prices perform an essential role in signalling to us whether it is sensible to consume a good or service. Of course, just because the (...)

“I’ve done what I had to do,” said Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Ukraine’s president, Petro Poroshenko, has strongly defended controversial new “de-communisation” laws that underscore its break with Russia, amid (...)

Protesters carry a banner reading ‘#I’m protesting’ as they shout slogans and demand the resignation of the government during an anti-government protest in Skopje, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Photograph: Georgi Licovski/EPA

Russia accused “Western organisers” on Saturday of trying to foment a “colour revolution” in the troubled former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, where(...)

The third stage of the rocket carrying the MexSat-1 communications satellite suffered a problem about 500 seconds after launch from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photograph EPA/Roscosmos/Handout

A Proton-M carrier rocket carrying a Mexican satellite malfunctioned and crashed in Siberia soon after launch on Saturday, the latest in a series of m(...)

Alliance secretary general Jens Stoltenberg at the Nato  meeting in southern Turkey.   Photograph: Ozan  Kose/AFP/Getty Images

Moscow has bristled at a request from the Baltic states to have Nato troops based permanently on their territory, in response to rising fear of Rus(...)

Osama bin Laden (left) sits with his adviser Ayman al-Zawahiri, an Egyptian linked to the al Qaeda network, during an interview with Pakistani journalist Hamid Mir  in  November, 2001.  Photograph: Hamid Mir/Editor/Ausaf Newspaper for Daily Dawn/Reuters 1:01

Four years after a US Navy Seal team killed Osama bin Laden in his compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, lingering questions remain about the raid and (...)

Ukrainian cadets in full voice as they participate in a patriotic forum “Two Generations – Two Wars” at the Museum of Great Patriotic War in Kiev, Ukraine. Photograph: Reuters

As warplanes roared over Red Square in rehearsal for tomorrow’s Russian celebration of 70 years since the defeat of Nazi Germany, Ukrainians in Kie(...)