Soldiers from the 48th Infantry Group in training ahead of peacekeeping deployment in Golan Heights. File photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins Dublin.

The White Paper on defence is long overdue and welcome. The previous one, the first of its kind in the Republic, was published in 2000. Since then,(...)

Egon Bahr died on August 20th, aged 93. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Egon Bahr, the architect of West Germany’s change- through-rapprochement “Ostpolitik” under chancellor Willy Brandt, died from a heart attack yesterda(...)

The Hiroshima atomic bomb blast, photographed by the US military on  August 6th,  1945. Photograph: EPA/Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum 1:54

Fewer Americans than at any time since 1945 believe that the atomic bombing of Hiroshima 70 years ago today and Nagasaki three days later was a good (...)

Tanks and armoured vehicles on display at the Army 2015 military fair in Russia. Vladimir Putin announced the expansion of Russia’s nuclear arsenal at the fair. Photograph: Maxim Shemetov/Reuters

Russia’s president Vladimir Putin has said that Russia would add more than 40 new intercontinental ballistic missiles to its nuclear arsenal this year(...)

A statue of Lenin in Tiraspol, the administrative capital of Transdniestria, an enclave in Moldova: for Moldovans who don’t believe in Russia, but have lost faith in the EU, there may be an alternative: Romania. Photograph: John Fleming

“Dracula is watching us to make sure it happens.” Bogdan Diaconu drags on yet another cigarette and smiles. The Romanian politician, president of the (...)

This article was supported by a grant from the Simon Cumbers Media Fund

The fall of the Berlin Wall more than 25 years ago transformed the political landscape in Europe, but its repercussions were felt much further afield.(...)

Governments everywhere are likely to come under pressure to adopt the German approach to subsidising renewables – placing all the burden of the Public Service Obligation on households – to protect the competitiveness of their industries

In all markets, prices perform an essential role in signalling to us whether it is sensible to consume a good or service. Of course, just because the (...)

“I’ve done what I had to do,” said Ukrainian president Petro Poroshenko. Photograph: Simon Dawson/Bloomberg

Ukraine’s president, Petro Poroshenko, has strongly defended controversial new “de-communisation” laws that underscore its break with Russia, amid (...)

Protesters carry a banner reading ‘#I’m protesting’ as they shout slogans and demand the resignation of the government during an anti-government protest in Skopje, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. Photograph: Georgi Licovski/EPA

Russia accused “Western organisers” on Saturday of trying to foment a “colour revolution” in the troubled former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, where(...)

The third stage of the rocket carrying the MexSat-1 communications satellite suffered a problem about 500 seconds after launch from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Photograph EPA/Roscosmos/Handout

A Proton-M carrier rocket carrying a Mexican satellite malfunctioned and crashed in Siberia soon after launch on Saturday, the latest in a series of m(...)