Under normal circumstances, six weeks after general elections, Spain would have a new government in place today. But the country’s de facto two-party (...)

Little progress has been made towards forming a government in Spain, following last month’s elections. Worse, there is little indication any of the ma(...)

British prime minister David Cameron and Taoiseach Enda Kenny: three of Kenny’s associates visited the Tories in London in July for a briefing. Photograph: Getty Images

On May 8th last, as the Conservatives celebrated a surprise general election victory, Fine Gael TDs still in Leinster House on a Friday morning took h(...)

FG leader Enda Kenny’s  party has taken three lessons from the UK general election: discipline in the message; setting and dominating the agenda; and importance of social media. Photograph: The Irish Times

A group of Taoiseach Enda Kenny’s most senior advisers held a confidential meeting with senior British Conservative Party figures to study techniques (...)

Spanish prime minister Mariano Rajoy of the ruling Conservative Popular Party (PP) with his wife Elvira Fernandez (centre) and deputy prime minister Soraya Saenz de Santamaria in Madrid on Sunday night. Photograph: EPA

Last Sunday’s elections have broken the mould of Spanish politics. This is true not only on a state-wide level, as was widely expected, but also, more(...)

Spain’s elections on Sunday will be a four-horse race, after an exceptionally bitter campaign. This is a radical shift from the established two-party (...)

The tomb of  Spanish dictator Francisco Franco in the Valle de los Caidos (The Valley of the Fallen) near Madrid. Photogrph: Pedro Armestre/AFP/Getty Images

There was only one headline story on the front page of Spanish newspapers, day after day, in the late autumn of 1975. Every Monday morning, walking d(...)

Joseph Daul European People’s Party president, said comments from far-right leaders such as France’s Marine Le Pen echoed the extremism seen in Europe during the second World War. Photograph: EPA

The rise of populism and extremism across Europe is “undermining the European project”, European People’s Party (EPP) president Joseph Daul said yeste(...)

A push towards independence

A double dynamic of great complexity is changing the landscape of Spanish politics in ways almost unimaginable five years ago. Firstly, the two-party (...)

Ireland is not the only EU country to have experienced dramatic changes to its political landscape last weekend. Sunday’s municipal and autonomous com(...)