Abkhazia’s separatist president Raul Khadzhimba and Russia’s leader Vladimir Putin    during the   ceremony in which they signed a ‘strategic partnership’ pact in Sochi on Monday. The EU, US and Nato  joined Georgia in denouncing the pact. Photograph: Alexey Druginyn/EPA/RIA Novosti

The European Union, United States and Nato have joined Georgia in denouncing a “strategic partnership” pact between its breakaway Abkhazia region and (...)

Estonia’s foreign minister Keit Pentus-Rosimannus (right) with Nato secretary general Jens Stoltenberg at a meeting in Tallinn, on November 20th. Estonia joined Nato in 2003. Photograph: EPA/Estonian foreign ministry

Since January 2013, public transport in Tallinn has been free – to residents. The result was to generate a healthy increase in Tallinn’s registered(...)

US vice-president Joe Biden has visited Kiev on the anniversary of the start of huge anti-corruption and pro-western protests, triggered by the decision of Ukraine’s then leaders to reject a landmark trade and political deal with the European Union. Photograph: Sergey Dolzhenko/EPA

The United States and Nato have joined Kiev in condemning Russia’s alleged build-up of military forces in rebel-held eastern Ukraine, as the country m(...)

Dutch investigators work at the site where the downed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 crashed in the Donetsk region of eastern Ukraine, yesterday. Photograph: Maxim Zmeyev/Reuters

in Brussels The European Union agreed to add new names to its sanction list at a meeting of EU foreign ministers in Brussels yesterday but stopped sh(...)

Vladimir Putin: isolation was evident with his placing on the outer edge for the formal G20 leaders’ group photograph. Photograph: Reuters

Western leaders warned Russian president Vladimir Putin at the G20 summit in Australia today that he risked further economic sanctions if he failed(...)

An Airbus A380 aircraft on display during the China International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition in Zhuhai this week. Photograph: Brent Lewin/Bloomberg

Airbus posted stronger-than-expected nine-month earnings yesterday, muted by a resurgence of potentially costly delays for Europe’s A400M troop carrie(...)

A girl lights a candle during Latvian Freedom Fighters’ Remembrance Day, or Lacplesis Day, to commemorate those who fought in the 1919 Latvian War of Independence, near Riga castle on November 11th. In Latvia, Russia’s increased military activity is seen as an echo of the cold war. Photograph: Ints Kalnins/Reuters

In the cold, slate-grey skies and seas of northeast Europe, an old game is being played out under new rules.Where for decades the Soviet Union probed (...)

Sweden’s prime minister Stefan Lofven (left), defence minister Peter Hultqvist (centre) and  Supreme Armed Forces Commander Gen Sverker Goranson arrive for a news conference in Stockholm today.  Sweden has secured conclusive evidence a foreign submarine did enter its waters last month. Photograph: Claudio Bresciani/Reuters

Sweden has proof that a small foreign submarine operated illegally in its waters last month, its top military officer said today following a mysteriou(...)

National benchmark indexes fell in all of the 18 western European markets yesterday. Photograph: iStockPhoto

European stocks fell yesterday as banks dragged the Stoxx Europe 600 Index lower and Nato said Russia had sent troops and heavy weapons into Ukraine.(...)

Armed people and military trucks are seen near a checkpoint outside a building on the territory controlled by the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, November 12, 2014. Photograph: Maxim Zmeyev/Reuters

Ukraine said on Wednesday it was redeploying troops in the east because of fears that separatists will launch a new military offensive, despite Russia(...)