The original complaint, taken by Austrian law student Max Schrems (above) against Irish Data Protection Commissioner Billy Hawkes (below), argues that the DPC took the wrong decision in refusing to investigate whether Schrems’s Facebook data was given adequate protection

Trade between companies in the United States and Europe could end up a casualty of a Facebook data lawsuit referred by the Irish High Court to the (...)

Edward Snowden participating, via a video link from Moscow, in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE) hearing at the Council of Europe, in Strasbourg on June 24th 2014. Photograph: Council of Europe/EPA

The NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden has condemned the new surveillance bill being pushed through the British parliament this week, expressing concern(...)

Apple said: “We want to make sure all of our customers in China are clear about what we do and don’t do when it comes to privacy and your personal data.”Photograph: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg

Apple assured Chinese customers that location-tracking on its iPhone can’t identify activity of individuals, a day after China’s state-owned televisio(...)

Chinese state broadcaster CCTV yesterday warned about the iPhone’s ability to track a user via its positioning technology and “view the user’s home address, unit information and whereabouts”.  Photograph: Bloomberg

Apple has been dragged into an escalating confrontation over cyber security and US spying in China after its iPhone was branded a threat to national s(...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel and China’s premier Li Keqiang talk during a meeting at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/China Daily

Angela Merkel began her seventh visit to China as German chancellor with a visit to a FAW-Volkswagen car factory in Chengdu in Sichuan province, unde(...)

The Washington Post revealed details of tens of thousands of online conversations intercepted by the NSA – leaked to the newspaper by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, above. Photograph:  Reuters/Glenn Greenwald/Laura Poitras

The National Security Agency, the US surveillance authority, has spied on far more ordinary American and overseas internet users than individuals tar(...)

Facebook has become less trendy in recent years, as more parents send friend requests to their children, and competing social networks increasingly ho(...)

Jesselyn Radack, former US Justice Department ethics attorney turned whistleblower and Thomas Drake, former senior executive of the NSA turned whistleblower testifying at the Bundestag commission investigating the role of the NSA in Germany on Friday in Berlin. Photograph: Adam Berry/Getty Images

The German government wants a quick and clear explanation from Washington for US intelligence’s apparent contact with a German man arrested last week (...)

Former NSA contractor Edward Snowden provided the cache of intercepted conversations to the Washington Post. Photograph: Glenn Greenwald/Laura Poitras/Reuters

A study of a large collection of communications intercepted by the US National Security Agency showed that ordinary internet users, including American(...)

This is the first time that Internet hosts have gone to court over government spying, according to Privacy International, an advocacy group set up to protect the public from government surveillance. Photograph: Andrew Matthews/PA Wire

The UK government is being sued by a group of not-for-profit Internet hosting services from around the world, over concerns that their networks were a(...)