Intelligence gathering: German chancellor Angela Merkel with US president Barack Obama. Photograph: Jim Young/REUTERS

In the Cold War era, the spy game in Berlin played out around Checkpoint Charlie, the Friedrichstrasse border crossing favoured by army officers, dipl(...)

Former technical director of the US National Security Agency William Binney arriving for a parliamentary inquiry in Berlin  into the NSA’s activities. Photograph: Thomas Peter/Reuters

Nostalgia is not what it used to be, but espionage fans can rejoice that Berlin is once again bristling with spy scandals just as it was in the Cold W(...)

Pulitzer-Prize winning journalist Glenn Greenwald . Photograph: Brendan Smialowskis/AFP/Getty Images

Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist Glenn Greenwald has said Europeans should defend their online privacy themselves rather than wait for Ireland to ado(...)

A screengrab shows US whistleblower Edward Snowden speaking via video conference during a panel discussion on internet privacy with representatives from the American Civil Liberties Union at the South by Southwest Interactive festival in Austin, Texas, on Monday. Photograph: Reuters/ACLU

An MEP committee of inquiry has called on the EU to develop a digital Bill of Rights in response to the Edwar(...)

Despite Edward Snowden’s continuing revelations of secret data gathering, we show no signs of losing our collective appetite for creating and using data. Photograph: Reuters

On the drive into San Francisco, a huge billboard alongside Highway 101 states: “We’re all data nerds now.” It’s an advertisement for a t(...)

 General Keith B Alexander, Director of the National Security Agency (NSA) and Commander of US Cyber Command (L), shares a private word with John O Brennan, Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Photograph:  Andrew Burton/Getty Images.

The US National Security Agency has broken privacy rules or overstepped its legal authority thousands of times each year since Congress granted it bro(...)

German president Joachim Gauck expressed concerns that foreign intelligence services flouted German citizens’ constitutional right of ownership over their private data. Photograph: Thomas Peter/Reuters

German president Joachim Gauck has warned that widespread US surveillance of European communications poses a “danger for democracy”.Revelations by NSA(...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel.  German opposition parties – and increasingly Dr Merkel’s coalition partners – are demanding answers on what she  knew about the NSA and when. Photograph: Reuters

The Snowden affair shifted closer to German chancellor Angela Merkel yesterday amid claims from the NSA whistleblower that, despite protestations to (...)

When someone tries to describe their family history to me (a distressingly frequent occurrence) the first thing I ask is whether they have a tree: loo(...)