Archaeologist Howard Carter opening the coffin of Tutankhamen which he discovered in 1922: when a museum worker broke his beard moving the mask, a conservationist simply stuck it back on. Photograph: Time Life Pictures/Mansell/Time Life Pictures/Getty Images

Earlier this year there were reports of a botched conservation job to one of the world’s most famous artefacts of the ancient world, the magnificent g(...)

M’Barka Brahmi, who heard her husband Mohamed being shot as he left their house: ‘I ran out screaming, “Ennahda killed him”.’

The Brahmi family slept late that morning of July 25th, 2013, a holiday in the fasting month of Ramadan. “We watched television in our bedroom with ou(...)

Syrian opposition leader Khaled Khoja speaks after a meeting in Paris earlier this month. Photograph: Guillaume Horcajuelo/EPA

Since unrest erupted in Syria in mid-March 2011, opposition figures and factions have multiplied and mutated on the political level, making common act(...)

 Canadian-Egyptian journalist Mohammed Fahmy (R) and his colleague Baher Mohamed  (L) speak to reporters outside a courthouse after their trial session in Cairo, Egypt. Photograph: Khaled Elfiqi/EPA

An Egyptian court has adjourned the trial of two Al Jazeera television journalists.The pair are charged with aiding a terrorist organisation, a re(...)

Wasteland: Palestinian boys play on the rubble of a building in Shejaia. Photograph: Mohammed Abed/AFP/Getty

Rabah abu Shanab lifts the tin jug off the open fire and pours the coffee carefully into some thimble-like cups. The rickety plastic table wobbles (...)

Sisi turns the screw in Egypt

A new law giving authorities sweeping powers to crack down on individuals and groups who “undermine national unity” or threaten public order “by any m(...)

Relatives and supporters of Egyptian activist Alaa Abdel Fattah react after the verdict in his trial  in Cairo on Monday. Abdel Fattah was sentenced to five years in jail  for violating limits on demonstrations, part of one of the toughest crackdowns on dissent in Egypt’s history. Photograph: Khaled Desouki/AFP/Getty Images

An Egyptian court sentenced a prominent activist to five years in jail on Monday for violating limits on demonstrations, part of one of the toughest (...)

François Hollande. He telephoned Egyptian president Abdel Fatah al-Sisi to “renew the expression of his solidarity”

France’s defence minister signed a €5.2-billion arms deal with Egypt on Monday, hours after the Egyptian air force bombarded Islamic State targets in(...)

Neighbours and friends of the relatives of Egyptian Coptic men killed in Libya attend Mass in south Cairo. A banner with pictures of the men who were killed is displayed on the church wall. Photograph: Asmaa Waguih/Reuters

The raids by the Egyptian air force on Islamic State (IS) camps and arsenals is an escalation in Cairo’s 20-month campaign against the cult. The st(...)

Former  president of Egypt Mohamed Mursi has been put on trial on charges of endangering national security by leaking state secrets and sensitive documents to Qatar. Photograph: Namir Galal/Almasry Alyoum/EPA

An Egyptian court has put ousted president Mohamed Mursi on trial on charges of endangering national security by leaking state secrets and sensitive d(...)