Displaced Sunni women fleeing the violence in Ramadi, carry bags as they walk on the outskirts of Baghdad. Police revealed earlier this month that more than 700 British extremists have travelled to Syria. Photograph: Stringer/Reuters

Teenage twin sisters from Manchester have assumed “influential roles” among a group of British women who have travelled to Islamic State (IS) territor(...)

Increases in funding will be needed to cater for the increase in deaths from cancer, dementia and neurodegenerative diseases according to new research. Photograph: Bryan O’Brien/The Irish Times

Ireland has the fastest rising need for palliative care in Europe due to its rapidly ageing population, a new study suggests.Significant increases in (...)

Petrobras headquarters in Rio de Janeiro: the Brazilian oil group’s share price dropped 43 per cent last year. Photograph: Sergio Moraes/Reuters

One of Sweden’s largest investors has pledged to take direct legal action against Petrobras, becoming the third large investor to seek damages individ(...)

The best way to prevent peanut allergy in young children is to feed them peanut products, according to a study published on Monday by researchers from King’s College London. Photograph: Getty Images.

The best way to prevent a peanut allergy in young children is to feed them peanut products, according to a study published on Monday.Giving peanut pro(...)

The study published in the Lancet Psychiatry journal  found the potent form of the Class B drug led to a three-times higher risk of psychosis in casual users, rising to a five-fold risk in those who used it every day. Photograph: Thinkstock

A powerful “skunk-like” cannabis is associated with one in four new cases of psychosis, a study has found.Scientists at King’s College London also fou(...)

Sources said they suspected busy doctors wanted to progress slow labours before the end of their shift by carrying out unnecessary caesareans, in situations where midwives would be more patient.   Photograph: Andrew Matthews/PA Wire

Women are now better off giving birth at home or in midwife-led centres than in hospital where doctors are more likely to make interventions such as c(...)

The term shellshock was coined by psychiatrist Charles Myers in 1915. At the time the sudden increase in troops who were shivering and crying involuntarily was thought to be because soldiers were reacting to the loud explosions of new kinds of ammunition and bombs, or to the air pressure from explosions.

“The real horrors of war were to be seen in the hospitals, not on the battlefield.” Lieut John Glubb, 1917 The 100th anniversary of t(...)

An estimated  12,000 fighters from 74 nations have traveled to Syria and Iraq to fight with extremist groups. In this file photograph a member loyal to the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) waves an ISIL flag in Raqqa. Photograph: Reuters

The UN Security Council plans to demand countries “prevent and suppress” the recruitment and travel of foreign fighters to join extremist militant gro(...)

The WHO has recommended a ban on indoor smoking of e-cigarettes as part of tougher regulation of products dangerous to children. Photograph: Dan Kitwood/Getty Images

A group of tobacco experts has criticised a World Health Organisation (WHO) report calling for more regulation on e-cigarettes, saying the evaluation (...)

Trinity College Dublin: as part of the Psychiatric Genomics  Consortium, it has found 108 locations in the genome associated with schizophrenia. Photograph: Frank Miller

An international scientific collaboration has found 108 locations in the human genome associated with schizophrenia. Trinity College Dublin was a sig(...)