The ancient city of Palmyra. Photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

Islamic State (IS) fighters have beheaded an 82-year old archaeologist in the ancient city of Palmyra and displayed his body on a column in the main(...)

Members of Turkey’s pro-Kurdish People’s Democracy Party hold a banner with pictures of Suruc bomb victims. Photograph: Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty Images

Turkey is one of the world’s top tourist destinations, but its close proximity and lengthy border with Syria means a home-grown jihadist undercurrent (...)

Russia’s foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, and US secretary of state John Kerry,  before a trilateral meeting on Monday in Doha. Photograph: Brendan Smialowski/ pool photo via AP

Pressure for diplomatic resolution of the Syrian conflict appears to be growing as supporters of the government of Bashar al-Assad met in Tehran and S(...)

Residents queueing for humanitarian aid at the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmouk, Damascus, in March. Photograph: Reuters

Palestinians displaced from Syria’s largest UN camp, in the flashpoint Yarmouk district south of Damascus, face an outbreak of typhoid that could spre(...)

Syrian Kurds waiting behind barbed wired on the Syrian side of the border with Turkey after they fled the Syrian town of Kobane. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State is a hydra-headed military cult that grows two poisonous heads for every one lopped off. Yesterday’s attacks in France, Tunisia, Kuwait (...)

Syrian Kurdish fighters celebrate on Monday after wresting Tal Abyad from Islamic State. Photograph: Rodi Said/Reuters

Islamic State fighters have been expelled from the strategic town of Tal Abyad by a Syrian Kurdish militia bolstered by US air cover. Commander Husey(...)

 Syrian refugees waiting on the Syrian side of the border crossing  near Akcakale, in Turkey’s Sanliurfa province, on Wednesday. Iran has denied it has deployed troops in Syria to bolster the Syrian army and its militia allies although this has been widely reported in the Syrian media. Photograph: Sedat Suna/EPA

UN special envoy Staffan de Mistura estimates that Iran spends $6 billion (€5.3 billion) a year to sustain the Syrian regime. This figure apparently e(...)

Children queue for water in the northwestern Syrian city of Ariha, in Idlib province, on Tuesday, after a coalition of insurgent groups seized the area. Syria has seen an increased flow of weapons and funds and an influx of fighters to insurgent and jihadi groups. Photogaph:  Khalil Ashawi/Reuters

In early March, the Syrian regime was on the offensive and had retaken territory lost to insurgents. Reasonable prospects existed for dialogue between(...)

Children playing at a makeshift settlement for Syrian refugees in Bar Elias, in the Bekaa valley. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 215,000 people have been killed since the start of the crisis in 2011, about  half of them civilians. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

The four-year-old Syrian conflict has precipitated the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since the second World War. An estimated 200,000-220,000 ha(...)

Syrians enjoy a snack in a park in the city of Damascus. The war in Syria is entering its fifth year. Photograph: Louai Beshara/AFP/Getty Images

The avenues and streets of Damascus are alive with the thrum of traffic, the pavements with the tramp of feet of hundreds of thousands of Syrians who (...)