Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad: targeting of Syria shows Moscow gives priority to strengthening Damascus against near enemies rather than striking Islamic State. Photograph: Sana via Reuters

Russia’s deployment of war planes, missile systems, tanks, and armoured troop carriers has dramatically changed the shape of the conflict on the groun(...)

Western leaders now say  Syrian president Bashar al-Assad must be involved in peace talks. Photograph: Vahid Salemi/AP Photo

German chancellor Angela Merkel said yesterday that Syrian president Bashar al-Assad must be involved in peace talks – the latest evidence that key we(...)

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad (left) giving an interview to Russian media outlets on September 15th. Russia’s recent military build-up in Syria aims to boost his embattled regime. Photograph: AFP Photo/HO/Sana

Russia’s deployment of military advisers, tanks, armoured personnel carriers and advanced aircraft at an air base near Syria’s port city of Latakia is(...)

The ancient city of Palmyra. Photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

Islamic State (IS) fighters have beheaded an 82-year old archaeologist in the ancient city of Palmyra and displayed his body on a column in the main(...)

Members of Turkey’s pro-Kurdish People’s Democracy Party hold a banner with pictures of Suruc bomb victims. Photograph: Ozan Kose/AFP/Getty Images

Turkey is one of the world’s top tourist destinations, but its close proximity and lengthy border with Syria means a home-grown jihadist undercurrent (...)

Russia’s foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, and US secretary of state John Kerry,  before a trilateral meeting on Monday in Doha. Photograph: Brendan Smialowski/ pool photo via AP

Pressure for diplomatic resolution of the Syrian conflict appears to be growing as supporters of the government of Bashar al-Assad met in Tehran and S(...)

Residents queueing for humanitarian aid at the Palestinian refugee camp of Yarmouk, Damascus, in March. Photograph: Reuters

Palestinians displaced from Syria’s largest UN camp, in the flashpoint Yarmouk district south of Damascus, face an outbreak of typhoid that could spre(...)

Syrian Kurds waiting behind barbed wired on the Syrian side of the border with Turkey after they fled the Syrian town of Kobane. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State is a hydra-headed military cult that grows two poisonous heads for every one lopped off. Yesterday’s attacks in France, Tunisia, Kuwait (...)

Syrian Kurdish fighters celebrate on Monday after wresting Tal Abyad from Islamic State. Photograph: Rodi Said/Reuters

Islamic State fighters have been expelled from the strategic town of Tal Abyad by a Syrian Kurdish militia bolstered by US air cover. Commander Husey(...)

 Syrian refugees waiting on the Syrian side of the border crossing  near Akcakale, in Turkey’s Sanliurfa province, on Wednesday. Iran has denied it has deployed troops in Syria to bolster the Syrian army and its militia allies although this has been widely reported in the Syrian media. Photograph: Sedat Suna/EPA

UN special envoy Staffan de Mistura estimates that Iran spends $6 billion (€5.3 billion) a year to sustain the Syrian regime. This figure apparently e(...)