The European Court of Justice has upheld an EU law that allows for standardised cigarette packaging and bans the advertising of e-cigarettes.  Photograph: Lisi Niesner/Reuters

The European Court of Justice, Europe’s highest court, has upheld an EU law that allows for standardised cigarette packaging and bans the advertising (...)

Nevada Governor Brian Sandoval was among the possible candidates President Barack Obama was considering appointing to the US Supreme Court, before ruling himself out. Photograph: Steve Keegan/Reuters

Democrats have called on Republicans to do their job and hold hearings to consider US president Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee to replace the l(...)

 US supreme court justice Antonin Scalia, who  died on Saturday at the age of 79. Scalia was appointed by President Ronald Reagan in 1986 and became a villain to liberals and a hero to conservatives. Photograph: Gavin Averill/The Hattiesburg American via AP

The death on Saturday of Conservative US supreme court justice Antonin Scalia, one of the most politically influential American judges of his generati(...)

Supreme court justice Antonin Scalia making a rare appearance on Capitol Hill to testify before a senate judiciary committee hearin. Photograph: Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA

In almost 30 years on the bench of the US supreme court justice Antonin Scalia was strident, colorful, and most of all, conservative. That made him an(...)

 US Supreme Court Associate Justice Antonin Scalia speaking at the Economics Club of New York earlier this month. Photograph: Peter Foley/EPA

Conservative US supreme court justice Antonin Scalia has died, setting up a major political showdown between President Barack Obama and the Republican(...)

“Jaroslaw Kaczynski holds no government position but, as leader of the PiS, he enjoys the undivided loyalty of his followers and of the new president, Andrzej Duda, who obediently follows the PiS party line.” REUTERS/Agencja Gazeta/Slawomir Kaminski

Three months after it voted for change, Poland is wracked by crisis. After eight years in office, the liberal Civic Platform (PO) was cut down to size(...)

Locked out: can a nation state demand data held in another state’s territory, circumventing treaties and agreements?

The fate of emails sitting in a Dublin-based computer server will soon be determined by a US court in a critical case that will shape – and perhaps en(...)

European Commission first vice-president Frans Timmermans: his announcement of a preliminary review of controversial new laws introduced by the governing Law and Justice Party will increase tensions between the EU and the new Polish government over. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Political pressure increased on Poland on Wednesday after the European Commission launched the first step in a procedure that could ultimately lead to(...)

Composite image of eight of those killed in the Kingsmill massacre. Clockwise from top left:   Robert Chambers, John Bryans, Joseph Lemon, Joseph McWhirter, Reggie Chapman, Kenneth Wharton, John McConville,  Walter Chapman. File photographs: Alan Lewis/PhotopressBelfast.co.uk

The rain fell relentlessly and the sky was dark as relatives and friends of the 10 Protestant workmen murdered at Kingsmill, Co Armagh, stood on Tuesd(...)

Poland’s prime minister Beata Szydlo and PiS party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski: the new conservative government has taken control of the  country’s top court and secret services. Photograph:  Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images

Poland’s new national conservative government has been accused of staging a “creeping coup d’etat” for seizing control of the intelligence serv(...)