“Jaroslaw Kaczynski holds no government position but, as leader of the PiS, he enjoys the undivided loyalty of his followers and of the new president, Andrzej Duda, who obediently follows the PiS party line.” REUTERS/Agencja Gazeta/Slawomir Kaminski

Three months after it voted for change, Poland is wracked by crisis. After eight years in office, the liberal Civic Platform (PO) was cut down to size(...)

Locked out: can a nation state demand data held in another state’s territory, circumventing treaties and agreements?

The fate of emails sitting in a Dublin-based computer server will soon be determined by a US court in a critical case that will shape – and perhaps en(...)

European Commission first vice-president Frans Timmermans: his announcement of a preliminary review of controversial new laws introduced by the governing Law and Justice Party will increase tensions between the EU and the new Polish government over. Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Political pressure increased on Poland on Wednesday after the European Commission launched the first step in a procedure that could ultimately lead to(...)

Composite image of eight of those killed in the Kingsmill massacre. Clockwise from top left:   Robert Chambers, John Bryans, Joseph Lemon, Joseph McWhirter, Reggie Chapman, Kenneth Wharton, John McConville,  Walter Chapman. File photographs: Alan Lewis/PhotopressBelfast.co.uk

The rain fell relentlessly and the sky was dark as relatives and friends of the 10 Protestant workmen murdered at Kingsmill, Co Armagh, stood on Tuesd(...)

Poland’s prime minister Beata Szydlo and PiS party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski: the new conservative government has taken control of the  country’s top court and secret services. Photograph:  Janek Skarzynski/AFP/Getty Images

Poland’s new national conservative government has been accused of staging a “creeping coup d’etat” for seizing control of the intelligence serv(...)

Max Shrems: Not an irritant but a canary in the Irish data mine. Photo AFP / Christian Bruna

If you knew a harbour was unsafe, would you anchor your boat there? Probably not. If the harbour authorities knew of safety issues yet kept silent an(...)

Lawyers say Ryanair could be liable for payouts of about £610 million (€848 million) related to compensation for flight delays after the firm lost a test case at Manchester County Court.  File photograph: Rui Vieira/PA Wire

Millions of Ryanair passengers could be in line for a payout after a landmark court judgment ruled the airline cannot limit the time allowed to claim (...)

Sweden’s foreign minister Margot Wallstrom, left. Photograph: Janerik Henriksson/TT/Reuters

Sweden’s foreign minister has said she stands by her denunciation of a Saudi blogger’s flogging as medieval, three months after her criticism of the G(...)

A ruling by Europe’s highest court upholding a lifetime ban in some circumstances on gay men giving blood donations will have no impact on the ongoin(...)

 Chief Justice of the Supreme Court  Mrs Susan Denham in court: she wrote ‘a number of members of the court have fallen ill . . .  and I believe that the cold temperatures have been a factor in this.’ Photograph: Collins Courts.

The Chief Justice warned she would have to cancel court sittings earlier this year because it was so cold in the Supreme Court as a result of a faulty(...)