French president  François Hollande observes a minute’s silence with other high-ranking officials. Photograph: Guillaume Horcajuelo/Reuters

President François Hollande has asked 925 members of France’s national assembly and senate to modify France’s constitution to enable the government to(...)

Sétif, 300km east of Algiers, in  about 1930, where a protest sparked the massacre of thousands in 1945. Photograph: Roger Viollet/Getty Images/CAP

Some 8,000 Muslim Arabs gathered in the market town of Sétif, 300km east of Algiers, early on the morning of May 8th, 1945. They were ostensibly there(...)

French president Francois Hollande: said would “make an example” of up to 16 French soldiers if allegations contained in a United Nations report leaked to a newspaper prove true

President François Hollande has said he would “show no mercy” and would “make an example” of up to 16 French soldiers accused of sexually abusing chi(...)

A market in Nice. The attack has shaken Nice’s 25,000-strong Jewish community

French police arrested Moussa Koulibaly, an African Muslim who attacked a French army guard in front of a Jewish community centre in a pedestrian zon(...)

The Hyper Cacher kosher supermarket in Paris, where four hostages died on January 9th: France plans to spend about €735 million on anti-terrorist measures in the next three years. Photograph: Charles Platiau/Reuters

About a dozen former members of the French armed forces, including soldiers from the French foreign legion and paratroopers, have joined jihadist gro(...)

Joseph Murphy (front right) with shipmates while serving on board the HMS Vivid in 1910. Photograph: the Murphy family

We tend to assume that the first Irishmen to die in the Great War must have been soldiers, members of the British Expeditionary Force on the retreat f(...)

From  left, French president Armand Fallieres  with premier Georges Eugene Benjamin Clemenceau  leaving Longchamp racecourse in Paris after a Bastille Day Revue. Photograph:  Hulton Archive/Getty Images

As the July crisis intensified, France’s apparent poor state of readiness for war continued to receive attention in European media.– Chris DooleyFRANC(...)

1914:  French politician Theophile Delcasse (1852 - 1923).  (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

MATTERS OF MOMENT French Army Deficiencies One remembers that when the Franco-Prussian war broke out the French War Minister declared that his Army wa(...)

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad  and his wife Asma al-Assad cast their votes in the presidential elections at martyr Na’em Ma’asarani School in al-Malki neighborhood in Damascus yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Sana

Damascenes flock to a multiplicity of neighbourhood polling stations to cast ballots in Syria’s first ever multi-candidate presidential election, whic(...)

Real power in France in 1914 lay neither with the depressed and overwhelmed prime minister René Viviani, nor with the figurehead president Raymond Poi(...)