From left are Indonesian president Joko Widodo, Norway’s prime minister Erna Solbergof, UN special envoy on climate change  and former Irish president Mary Robinson, Colombian president Juan Manuel Santos, Gabonese president Ali Bongo and an unidentified aide   at the COP21 world climate change conference, Le Bourget,  France,  November 30th,  2015. Photograph: Christophe Petit Tesson/EPA

UN special envoy on climate change Mary Robinson has said she is optimistic an agreement can be reached at the global summit on climate chang(...)

Taoiseach Enda Kenny shakes hands with French president Francois Hollande upon his arrival for the opening of the UN conference on climate change, on November 30th, 2015 at Le Bourget, on the outskirts of the French capital Paris. Photograph: Loic Venance/AFP/Getty Images

On Monday I will join more than 120 other world leaders and the representatives of some 190 countries in Paris to support and mark the opening (...)

Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras holds a joint press conference with his Turkish counterpart Ahmet Davutoglu following a meeting  in Ankara on November 18th. Photograph: Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images

Greece’s prime minister Alexis Tsipras sparred over the downing of a Russian jet with his Turkish counterpart, Ahmet Davutoglu, in a Twitter (...)

President Vladimir Putin of Russia, second from left, speaks to  US secretary of state John Kerry, right, at the UN climate change conference in Paris. Photograph: New York Times

US president Barack Obama has told crucial climate change talks in Paris the negotiations represent an act of defiance after the attacks in t(...)

The Eiffel Tower lights up with colours and messages of hope on the eve of the  climate conference in Paris: 190 countries are involved in the conference. Photograph: Yoan Valat/EPA

I keep hearing about a big climate change thing going on in Paris. What is going on? There is a big international conference that starts (...)

EU Council president Donald Tusk arrives for the start of the EU-Turkey summit in Brussels. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/Etienne Laurent/EPA

The European Commission is to draw up plans for a new resettlement scheme for refugees arriving in Turkey, after German chancellor Angela Mer(...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu and French president François Hollande at the summit meeting  at the EU headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Thierry Monasse/AFP/Getty Images

The EU-Turkey agreement signed on Sunday represents one of the most significant political engagements by the European Union with Turkey for d(...)

 A Turkish Air Force plane used to transport the remains of late Russian pilot Oleg Peshkov  at Hatay airport,  Hatay, Turkey, November 29th, 2015. Photograph: EPA

Turkey recovered the body of a Russian pilot from northern Syria and presented it to Russian diplomats on Sunday, five days after shooting down(...)

Minister for Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, Alex White (left) and Niall Greene, chair of Salmon Watch Ireland, at the annual salmon conference in Dublin.

Rights to salmon fishing were enshrined in the Brehon Laws – a uniquely Irish legal system that existed during medieval times. The ancient law allowed(...)

 Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte:  The  “mini Schengen” plan of cutting back the borderless zone to just five countries – the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg and Austria – was being discussed before the Paris attacks. Photograph: Martijn Beekman/EPA

It’s a sign of how fractious the European debate over the future of Schengen has become that the only coherent proposal this weekend is one f(...)