The Code of Hammurabi: among the first written legal systems in history. Hammurabi flourished in the 18th century before Christ, but the exact dates of his reign are uncertain. Photograph: Thinkstock

The Greek geometer Pythagoras, whose theorem is familiar to every student of mathematics, lived about 500 BC but the theorem was known to the Babyl(...)

Prof Freeman Dyson: ‘Science is what we did for fun in our own spare time rather than being taught’

Computer-based artificial intelligence has promised much but delivered relatively little given all the research that has gone into it. The reason for (...)

The British Geological Survey seismogram sensor in Pembrokeshire, England shows a small tremor at about 8.45pm.

Earthquake-prone Co Wexford has been shaken once again, after a minor tremor overnight that reached magnitude 2.2. Yet all the seismic (...)

The South Pole telescope and the Bicep2 telescope at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station is seen against the night sky with the Milky Way. Photograph: Keith Vanderlinde/National Science Foundation

A telescope mounted in the frozen wastes of Antarctica has managed to read a signal “from the dawn of time”, one that fills in crucial gaps in (...)

In the newly discovered paper, physicist Albert Einstein speculated the expanding universe could remain unchanged and in a “ steady state” because new matter was being continuously created from space.  Photograph: Getty Images

Irish researchers have discovered a previously unknown model of the universe written by physicist Albert Einstein. Dating back to 1931, (...)

A scene of devastation after the largest earthquake in Japan’s recorded history, in Fukushima prefecture in March 2011. Photograph: AP Photo/Kyodo News

On the afternoon of March 11th, 2011, Japan lurched eastward as the Pacific crust plates jolted beneath it. The sea floor shifted forward 60m in place(...)

Apollo 16: carried lunar experiment devised by Irish scientists

A small part of the 1960s space race will soon go on display in Ireland, an experiment that flew to the moon in April 1972 with Apollo 16. Irish scien(...)

Prof Luke Drury, president of the Royal Irish Academy, who won the Young Scientist of the Year in 1969. Photograph: Brenda Fitzsimons

In a long career, Royal Irish Academy president Professor Luke Drury has amassed no shortage of scientific accolades so it’s a measure of the esteem i(...)

Sunlight passes along the passageway leading to the burial chamber at Newgrange during the winter solstice. Photograph: Alan Betson

For much of the last century, you could wander unannounced into Newgrange. You could even enter the tomb’s main passageway and chamber by getting the (...)

There was a lot of quiet satisfaction in the world of physics this month with the award of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics to theoretical physicists P(...)