A frame grab taken from footage released by Russia’s Defence Ministry on Monday, shows airstrikes carried out by the country’s air force in Syria. Photograph: Reuters 0:54

Nato’s secretary-general has rejected Moscow’s claim that its military incursion into alliance airspace over Turkey was not intentional or important, (...)

Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad: targeting of Syria shows Moscow gives priority to strengthening Damascus against near enemies rather than striking Islamic State. Photograph: Sana via Reuters

Russia’s deployment of war planes, missile systems, tanks, and armoured troop carriers has dramatically changed the shape of the conflict on the groun(...)

Uphill battle: the aftermath of air strikes in Kafr Nabel, a town in Idlib province. Photograph: Hadi al-Abdallah via AP

The timeline of Syria’s grinding civil war is dotted with illusory turning points. These were atrocities or grim milestones that the world assumed wou(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande at the start of a summit on Ukraine in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/Pool.

The Russian defence ministry said on Friday that it had bombed seven targets in Syria in overnight air raids, including a command post and a traini(...)

Stiff handshake: Russia’s president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande meet for bilateral talks before a summit to discuss the conflict in Ukraine in Paris. Photograph: Michel Euler/Reuters.

A long-scheduled summit of the leaders of France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine in Paris yesterday was intended to bring new dynamism to the peace proc(...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Russian president Vladimir Putin during a bilateral prior to a summit on Ukraine at the Elysee Palace in Paris. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/AFP/Getty Images

Russian president Vladimir Putin is meeting the leaders of Ukraine, France and Germany on Friday in a revived European push to bring peace to eastern (...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin’s decision this week to launch air strikes on Syria marks a dramatic escalation of foreign involvement in a 4-year-old civil war in which every major country in the region has a stake. Photograph: Regis Duvignau/Reuters 1:29

Russia bombed Syria for a third day on Friday, mainly hitting areas held by rival insurgent groups rather than the Islamic State fighters it said it w(...)

In this 2010 file photo, Syria president Bashar al-Assad addresses reporters following his meeting with French President Nicolas Sarkozy at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France. Photograph: AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere

Over the past two years, Bashar al-Assad has lost control of two-thirds of Syria. Last spring, Islamists took over most of the northwestern province o(...)

US president Barack Obama meets with Russian president Vladimir Putin at the Group of 20 summit meeting in Mexico, in 2012. Photograph: Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

Through the summer of 2015, Vladimir Putin has played a bold and unexpected diplomatic hand, taking Moscow from being frozen out over Ukraine to a pow(...)

Vladimir Putin speaks during a meeting of the presidential council for Civil Society and Human Rights at the Kremlin in Moscow on October 1st, 2015. Photograph: Yuri Kochetkov/AFP/Getty Images 1:23

Russian air strikes in Syria are targeting a list of well-known militant organisations, not only Islamic State, the Kremlin said on Thursday. M(...)