Aid agencies have assessed that 78 million people are in need of assistance. Above, a displaced boy, who fled from Islamic State violence in Mosul, stands in refugee camp on the outskirts of the Kurdish city of Arbil. Photograph:  Azad Lashkari/Reuters

Struggling to cope with record numbers of victims of conflict, the United Nations appealed Monday for $16.4 billion (€13.3 billion) to finance humanit(...)

Syrian policemen  inspect the damage done to a school after two bombs were detonated in a mainly Alawite neighbourhood of Homs yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Sana

At least 32 people, including 10 children, were killed by twin bombings near an elementary school in Syria yesterday.The second blast went off as pare(...)

A man inside a damaged house after what activists said was shelling by forces loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad in Al-Maliha town, in the suburbs of Damascus today. Photograph: Badra Mamet/Reuters

UN secretary general Ban Ki-moon has demanded that the Security Council take action in Syria on violations of international law as he reported(...)

A man holds a baby saved from under rubble after what activists say was an airstrike by forces loyal to Bashar al-Assad in Masaken, Hanano, in Aleppo yesterday. While talks on a Syrian peace deal continued in Geneva, violence on the ground escalated. Photograph: Hosam Katan/Reuters

Russia’s foreign minister Sergei Lavrov has accused the US of using the Syrian peace talks to effect “regime chan(...)

Civilians wait to be allowed to leave a besieged area of Homs earlier this week. Photograph: Thaer Al Khalidiya/Reuters

The hard-won humanitarian ceasefire in the Syrian city of Homs - the sole success that occurred during the peace talks in Geneva - cannot be co(...)

Syrian Arab Red Crescent trucks supplying humanitarian aid in the besieged neighbourhoods of Homs. Photograph: Reuters/Thaer Al Khalidiya

The Syrian Arab Red Crescent yesterday evacuated under fire more than 600 civilians from the besieged old city of Homs as the government delegation ar(...)

UN members talk with Sheikh Abu Harith al-Khalidi (right), who is in charge of negotiations for civilians inside the besieged area of Homs yesterday.  Photograph: Reuters

Six hundred people left the besieged ruins of rebel-held central Homs today, escaping more than a year of hunger and deprivation caused by one of the (...)

A South Sudan army soldier stands next to a machine gun mounted on a truck in Malakal town, 497km (308 miles) northeast of the capital, Juba, earlier this week. Photograph: James Akena/Reuters

Rebels in South Sudan are forcibly recruiting civilians to march on the capital, the military said, even as representatives of the warring factions ga(...)

Syrians inspect damaged buildings following a government airstrike in Aleppo. Photograph: AP

At least 76 people, including 28 children, have been killed and scores injured by Syrian military helicopter raids on insurgent-held districts of Alep(...)

Residents gather near damaged cars at a site hit by what activists say was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad, near a children’s park in Duma neighbourhood of Damascus. Photograpgh: Yousef Albostany/Reuters

During a brief encounter with Syrian Arab Red Crescent (Sarc) president Abdul Rahman Attar on the stair at the organisation’s headquarters, I congratu(...)