Syrians fleeing the northern  city of Aleppo wait  in Bab Al-Salam, near the city of Azaz, northern Syria, near the Turkish border crossing. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Turkey is under pressure to admit 40,000 Syrians who have been camped on the border between the two countries after fleeing the biggest Syrian governm(...)

Two children whose school was bombed in Aleppo pose in a mock-up meant to symbolise a destroyed classroom set up by charity Save the Children outside the Houses of Parliament in London on Wednesday on  eve of a donor conference aiming to raise money for the millions of Syrians hit by the country’s civil war and a refugee crisis. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Germany has pledged to give €2.3 billion in aid to Syria by 2018, including €1.1 billion e this year alone, Chancellor Angela Merkel said on Thursday(...)

King Salman meeting US president Barack Obama in Washington last September. File photograph: AP Photo/Evan Vucci

The atrocity in Paris on November 13th blew away some of the gloom which had settled on a number of major companies. In the first 30 minutes of trad(...)

Tayyip Erdogan: seeks Turkish version of the system in the US, France  and Russia.  Photograph: Adem Altan/AFP/Getty Images

Turkish president Tayyip Erdogan, who is pushing for executive powers, cited Hitler’s Germany as an example of an effective presidential system, in c(...)

The Aydin court has adjourned so that the distinguished, but clearly out-of-touch-with-popular-culture judge can watch Lord of the Rings. And so that (...)

Fellow pilots carry the coffin holding the body of Oleg Peshkov, a Russian pilot killed during the downing of a jet on the Turkey-Syria border, on Wednesday. The incident has led to an angry dispute  between Russia and Turkey. Photograph: Maxim Zmeyev/Reuters

Russia’s defence ministry said on Wednesday it had proof that Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his family were benefiting from the illegal s(...)

 Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu (L) and Nato Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg  leave a press briefing after their meeting at the organisation’s  headquarters in Brussels on Monday. Photograph: Olivier Hoslet/ EPA

Russia has been accused of trying to “cover up” its infringement of Turkish airspace with “unfounded” claims that Turkey is illegally importi(...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu and French president François Hollande at the summit meeting  at the EU headquarters in Brussels. Photograph: Thierry Monasse/AFP/Getty Images

The EU-Turkey agreement signed on Sunday represents one of the most significant political engagements by the European Union with Turkey for d(...)

Turkish president Tayyip Erdogan: Turkey dismisses Russian response as “emotional” and “unfitting”. Photograph: Umit Bektas/Reuters

Russia threatened economic retaliation against Turkey yesterday and said it was still awaiting a reasonable explanation for the shooting down(...)

Alpaslan Celik, a deputy commander in a Syrian Turkmen brigade (C), holds handles believed to be parts of a parachute of the downed Russian warplane near the northern Syrian village of Yamadi, near the Turkish-Syrian border. Photograph: Reuters

Russia sent an advanced missile system to Syria on Wednesday to protect its jets operating there and pledged its air force would keep flying missions (...)