An Islamic State loyalist in the terror group’s de factor capital, Raqqa, in Syria, in June 2014. Photograph: Reuters

The US-led coalition fighting Islamic State has begun preparing to open a major front in northeastern Syria, aiming to put pressure on Raqqa, the terr(...)

Vladimir Putin speaks during a meeting of the presidential council for Civil Society and Human Rights at the Kremlin in Moscow on October 1st, 2015. Photograph: Yuri Kochetkov/AFP/Getty Images 1:23

Russian air strikes in Syria are targeting a list of well-known militant organisations, not only Islamic State, the Kremlin said on Thursday. M(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin: won approval from Russian parliament to send troops into combat overseas. Photograph: Alexei Nikolsky/Ria Novosti/AP

Russia has launched air strikes in Syria in a risky move that could complicate US-led efforts to halt the advance of Islamic State in the Middle East(...)

Sergei Lavrov: weapons sold  to the Syrian government under long-standing agreements. Photograph: Alexander Zemlianichenko jnr/Bloomberg

Russia has said it ships both humanitarian aid and military equipment to Syria by air, at a time when Washington is putting pressure on nearby states (...)

Qadri Jamil (centre) and other members of the Syrian opposition at a meeting with Russia’s foreign minister Sergei Lavrov in Moscow on August 31st. Photograph: Alexander Nemenov/AFP/Getty Images 0:56

Russia’s foreign ministry has complained of a “strange hysteria” over Moscow’s actions in Syria, as western countries expressed concerns over apparent(...)

US Secretary of State John Kerry is said to be concerned about a possible escalation of the Syrian conflict. Photograph: Jessica Rinaldi/Getty Images

Syrian officials have refused to confirm reports of an enhanced Russian military build-up in the country, over which the US has expressed concern to (...)

A unit commander kisses a flag held by Ukraine president Petro Poroshenko during a military parade in Kiev on Monday. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images 1:32

Ukraine’s president, Petro Poroshenko, has sought to forge a united front with Germany and France against a Russia that he said was still threatening (...)

Russia’s foreign minister Sergey Lavrov, and US secretary of state John Kerry,  before a trilateral meeting on Monday in Doha. Photograph: Brendan Smialowski/ pool photo via AP

Pressure for diplomatic resolution of the Syrian conflict appears to be growing as supporters of the government of Bashar al-Assad met in Tehran and S(...)

Lebanon’s Hizbullah deputy leader Sheikh Naim Qassem speaks as Syrian foreign minister Walid al-Moualem (centre) and Iran’s minister of culture  Ali Jannati listen during the International Media Conference Against Terrorism in Damascus. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Syrian president Bashar al- Assad yesterday welcomed “positive” changes in western attitudes to the conflict in the country – suggesting the United St(...)

Fire is extinguished at shops destroyed by shelling on  the outskirts of Donetsk, Ukraine, on  June 3rd,  2015. Photograph: Alexander Ermochenko/EPA

Ukrainian troops and pro-Russian separatists on Wednesday fought their first serious battles in months and Ukraine’s defence minister said an attempt (...)