A Kurdish Syrian refugee waits for transport during a sand storm on the Turkish-Syrian border near the southeastern town of Suruc in Sanliurfa province in September. Photograph: Murad Sezer/Reuters

Saddam Hussein’s use of chemical weapons against Iraqi Kurds in the 1980s was cited by western powers as one of the justifications for the 2003 invasi(...)

People fleeing Islamic State fighters in Mosul last June arrive at a checkpoint in Irbil, in northern Iraq. Photograph: Kamal Akrayi/EPA

Iraq’s national security adviser Falah Fayadh was in Washington struggling to arrange delivery of US fighter jets to aid the country’s fight against a(...)

A black flag belonging to the Islamic State is seen through smoke on top of a house in the Syrian town of Kobani yesterday. Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

Islamic State (IS) is takings its first steps towards building an air force by training pilots to fly captured fighter planes, according to a group(...)

A resident of Tabqa city touring the streets on a motorcycle waves an Islamist flag in celebration after Islamic State militants took over Tabqa air base, in nearby Raqqa city August 24, 2014. Islamic State militants stormed the air base in northeast Syria on Sunday, capturing most of it from government forces after days of fighting over the strategic location, a witness and a monitoring group said. Fighting raged inside the walls of the Tabqa air base, the Syrian army's last foothold in an area otherwise controlled by IS, which has seized large areas of Syria and Iraq. REUTERS/Stringer   (SYRIA - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST CONFLICT TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY)

A few months ago few in the West had heard of Isis, the Sunni militants known at different times as Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and as Islamic (...)

A man holds up a sign in memory of US journalist James Foley during a protest against the Assad regime in Syria in Times Square in New York. Photograph: Carlo Allegri/Reuters

Britain is close to identifying a suspected British national shown beheading American journalist James Foley in a video released by Islamic State mil(...)

US secretary of defence Chuck Hagel and chairman of the joint chiefs of staff Gen Martin Dempsey, who said Islamic State would remain a danger until it could no longer count on safe havens in Syria. Photograph: Mark Wilson/Getty Images

Iraqi Shia militiamen machine gunned minority Sunni Muslims in a village mosque today, killing dozens just as Baghdad is trying to build a cross-co(...)

Photograph: Alan Betson

To visit the full generations page click here Una Hughes lives in Balbriggan, Co Dublin I grew up in Blackrock, outside Dundalk, in Co Lout(...)

From left: Des O’Malley, John Bruton, Albert Reynolds, Dick Spring and Proinsias De Rossa. Photograph: Irish Times Archive

On the evening of July 29th, 1994, the chairman of the long-running inquiry into malpractice in the beef industry, Mr Justice Liam Hamilton, delivered(...)

Vladimir Putin: No doubt it’s an oversimplification to say that the confrontation in Ukraine is all about shoring up an authoritarian regime that is stumbling on other fronts. But there’s surely some truth to that story.

A century has passed since the start of the first World War, which many people at the time declared was “the war to end all wars”.Unfortunately wars j(...)

Displaced people from the minority Yazidi sect, who fled the violence in the Iraqi town of Sinjar, walk in Bajed Kadal refugee camp south west of Dohuk province. Photograph: Youssef Boudlal/Reuters

Tribal leaders and clerics from Iraq’s Sunni heartland have offered their conditional backing for a new government that hopes to contain sectarian blo(...)