Further external interventions would provoke deeper regional upheavals and send more refugees and instability towards Europe.  ANNE-CHRISTINE POUJOULAT/AFP/Getty Images

The Paris atrocities pose stark political choices in Europe and the Middle East, both of which are struggling with the fallout from Syria’s devastatin(...)

 Syria’s president, Bashar al-Assad. Western powers want his removal from office as part of a Syrian peace deal. Photograph: EPA/Syrian Arab News Agency

“Assad must go,” is the constant refrain from US president Barack Obama, French president François Hollande, British prime minister David Cameron and (...)

A man attaches a banne to a statue at Place de la Republique near sites of the deadly attacks in Paris on Sunday. Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

Two themes have emerged from the horrific slaughter of at least 129 people in Paris on Friday night: that France is engaged in an all-out war with Isl(...)

Yazidi refugees celebrate news of the liberation of their homeland of Sinjar from Islamic State at a refugee camp in Derek, Rojava, Syria. Photograph: John Moore/Getty Images

The Kurdish regional president in Iraq said that peshmerga forces have taken the northern town of Sinjar from Islamic State (IS) militants in an offen(...)

Ahmed Chalabi, the Iraqi politician who from exile helped persuade the United States to invade Iraq in 2003. Photograph: the New York Times

Ahmed Chalabi, chief proponent of US-enforced regime change in Iraq, died yesterday at the age of 71 in Baghdad, where he headed the Shia fundamentali(...)

File photograph of Tony Blair and former US president George Bush in the Azores in 2003. Photograaph: Stefan Rousseau/PA Wire

Former British prime minister Tony Blair has apologised for aspects of the Iraq War, sparking claims of attempted “spin” ahead of the Chilcot Inquiry (...)

Then British prime minister Sir Anthony Eden addresses the nation with a television broadcast concerning the Suez crisis. Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

On October 24th, 1956, French foreign minister Christian Pineau, Israeli prime minister David Ben Gurion and Patrick Dean, assistant under-secretary a(...)

Jeremy Corbyn, leader of the British Labour Party. Photograph: Leon Neal/AFP/Getty Images

British Labour Party leader Jeremy Corbyn used his first conference speech to send a message to voters: “You don’t have to take what you are given.” M(...)

“When the people rose up against the Shah, the United States aggressively supported the Shah until the last moments. In the eight-year war with Iraq, the Americans supported Saddam.” - President Hassan Rouhani. Photograph: Morteza Nikoubazl/Reuters

Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has tried to reassure a skeptical American public that when crowds in Tehran chant “Death to America!” they don’t mean(...)

Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, meets with his military commanders at an Iraqi Army base near the oil refinery town of Beiji north of Baghdad, Iraq.  Photograph:  AP Photo

Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi on Friday ordered security forces to ease access to Baghdad’s fortified Green Zone and main streets, in an appare(...)