Nicolas Sarkozy: he said prime minister Manuel Valls comparison of  France to the former apartheid regime in South Africa was “a moral error”. Photograph: Eric Feferberg/AFP/Getty Images

The “sacred union” forged by president François Hollande during three days of Islamist violence that killed 17 people this month has ended.Hollande te(...)

Marine Le Pen mocked the French foreign minister Laurent Fabius for avoiding the word “Islamist” and for referring to Islamic State by their Arabic name, Daesh. Photograph: Yoan Valat

After remaining mostly quiet following the attacks of January 7th-9th, National Front (FN) leader Marine Le Pen has blamed the atrocities on long- sta(...)

Hostages (including a baby) hide inside one of the food freezer during the Hyper Cacher supermarket in the Porte de Vincennes area of Paris

The unity march that brought an estimated 3.7 million people on to the streets of France transformed one of the most traumatic and horrific sequences (...)

People hold aloft  a poster translating as “Quick: more democracy everywhere against barbarism” take part in a solidarity rally  (Marche Republicaine) in  Paris on January 11th, 2015. Photograph: Youssef Boudlal/Reuters 2:00

More than a million people have converged on central Paris for a “national unity” rally in solidarity with the victims of the week’s attacks and in su(...)

Riot officers patrol in Longpont, north of Paris. The suspects were were identified by a petrol station attendant in the town of Villers-Cotterets, 70km northeast of the French capital. Photograph: Thibault Camus/AP

All France became Charlie Hebdo on Thursday. As one commentator put it, the extremists who attacked the satirical magazine on Wednesday murdered 12 pe(...)

French president François Hollande (right) shakes hands with former president Nicolas Sarkozy at the Élysee Palace in Paris. Photograph: Ian Langsdon/EPA

French president François Hollande appealed for national unity in the wake of Wednesday’s attack on Charlie Hebdo magazine, and so far the politica(...)

German chancellor and chairwoman of the German Christian Democrats   Angela Merkel  after she was re-elected as party chairwoman at the annual CDU party congress  in Cologne. Photograph:   Sean Gallup/Getty Images

German chancellor Angela Merkel has secured her 15th straight year as head of the ruling Christian Democratic Union (CDU) with 96.7 per cent support, (...)

Angela Merkel and Nicolas Sarkozy in 2011. Their close co-operation earned them the moniker “Merkozy”. Photograph: Reuters

Europe’s infamous Merkozy duo is back. Two years after it was mothballed, the euro crisis duo will ride again next week in Cologne.Nicolas Sarkozy wil(...)

Marine Le Pen, France’s National Front  leader, delivers a speech at their congress in Lyon. Ms Le Pen, the sole candidate, won 100 per cent of the vote. Photograph: Robert Pratta/Reuters

Two leading contenders for the presidency of France have been elected to head their respective political parties. Former president Nicolas Sarkozy won(...)

 Nicolas Sarkozy with Rachida Dati at the Élysée Palace in Paris in 2007. Photograph: Benoit Tessier/Reuters

Like her political mentor Nicolas Sarkozy, Rachida Dati is a tough survivor with a chip on her shoulder, a fighter whose scrappiness sometimes work(...)