US president Barack Obama and his Cuban counterpart Raul Castro shake hands as UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon (R) looks on at the  Summit of the Americas in Panama City on Friday. Photograph: Reuters

US president Barack Obama challenged Latin American leaders on Saturday to improve human rights and democracy even as he works to end decades of hosti(...)

US President Barack Obama tours the Miraflores section of the Panama Canal on Friday. Photograph:  AFP/Getty Images

US president Barack Obama and Cuban president Raul Castro have talked by telephone about restoring diplomatic ties and will meet informally at a sum(...)

A girl stands behind a Venezuelan flag and underneath a sign reading “Respect Dissidence in Venezuela” during a protest in Panama City ahead of this weekend’s Summit of the Americas. Photograph: Edgard Garrido/Reuters

The recent détente between Cuba and the United States faces its first public test this weekend when presidents Raúl Castro and Barack Obama attend the(...)

Venezuelan foreign minister Delcy Rodriguez told reporters Caracas would respond to the US sanctions move soon. Photograph: Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters

The United States declared Venezuela a national security threat on Monday and ordered sanctions against seven officials from the oil-rich country in t(...)

With an economy that is expected to contract by seven per cent this year, inflation running at 68 per cent, a currency devaluation put at as much as 7(...)

Lilian Tintori, wife of imprisoned opposition leader Leopoldo López, who has been imprisoned for the past year, at a Caracas demonstration against the detention of the city’s mayor,  Antonio Ledezma,  on Friday. Venezuela’s president Nicolás Maduro has adopted an increasingly shrill tone against critics of the country’s so-called Bolivarian Revolution. Photograph: Miguel Gutierrez/EPA

For a glimpse into Venezuela’s economic disarray, slip into a travel agency here and book a round-trip flight to Maracaibo, on the other side of the c(...)

Antonio Ledezma, the mayor of Caracas, Venezuela. Opposition leaders have demanded the mayor’s release following his arrest on the charge of plotting violence against the government. Photograph: Meridith Kohut/Bloomberg

Venezuelan opposition leaders have demanded the release of the mayor of Caracas following his arrest on accusations of plotting violence against presi(...)

Sign outside the Coromoto shop, which holds a Guinness world record for its 863 different flavors. It announced it was closed over the Christmas holiday because of a milk shortage. Photograph: Heladeria Coromoto/Facebook

Venezuela’s tourism ministry denied on Monday that a famous ice-cream store had closed due to lack of milk, the latest quirky twist in the bitter nati(...)

A fall in crude stockpiles in the United States may have supported a price increase but sentiment points to further likely decreases.

Brent crude rose above $70 a barrel on Thursday, gaining nearly 1 per cent along with US futures as a fall in crude stockpiles in the United States su(...)

Tabaré Vázquez waves a Uruguayan flag to celebrate his victory in the country’s presidential election. His victory follows those in recent weeks for fellow leftists Evo Morales in Bolivia and Dilma Rousseff in Brazil. Photograph: Matilde Campodonico/AP

Sunday’s comfortable victory for the ruling Broad Front movement in Uruguay was the latest confirmation of the enduring appeal of left-wing rule in So(...)