Dr Fatima Hamroush spoke at the IIEA on Libya’s decent into civil war. Photograph: Nick Bradshaw

Four years on, and Libya is a basket case. Four years ago this week a rising in second city Bengahazi set in train the overthrow of the brutal dictato(...)

A girl holds up a poster with pictures of the 21 Egyptian Coptic Christians beheaded by Islamic State in Libya. A series of fatal bombings in Libya on Friday have been linked to the decision to launch airstrikes in response to the beheadings. Photograph: Muhammad Hamed/Reuters.

Three car bombs ripped through the eastern Libyan city of Qubbah on Friday, killing 40 people and wounding 70.There was no immediate claim of respons(...)

Egyptian president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi meets with French defence minister Jean-Yves Le Drian and Egyptian Defence Minister Colonel General Sidqi Sobqi during a signing ceremony at the presidential palace in Cairo. Photograph: Egyptian president’s office/Reuters

Egyptian president Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi called for a United Nations resolution mandating an international coalition to intervene in Libya after Egypt’(...)

A power struggle between two rival governments that threatens to tear Libya apart has started to take its toll on Misrata, an important shipping and industrial hub that had shrugged off the turmoil until now. Photograph: Hani Amara/Reuters

A power struggle between two rival governments that threatens to tear Libya apart has started to take its toll on Misrata, an important shipping an(...)

 The Corinthia Hotel  in Tripoli, Libya. Photograph: EPA

Heavily armed gunmen stormed a luxury hotel in Tripoli favoured by Libyan officials and visiting delegations on Tuesday, killing at least nine people(...)

People pose around a poster of journalists Nadhir Ktari (left) and Sofiane Chourabi, who went missing in Libya in September, during a demonstration over their disappearance, in Tunis on January 9th. Photograph: Anis Mili/Reuters

Libyan militants calling themselves part of the Islamic State have saidthat they were holding captive 21 Egyptian Christians, raising new fears about (...)

A fruit vendor  at a Cairo market. Government interventions aim to improve life for Egyptians. Photograph: Mahmoud Khaled/AFP/Getty Images

The Egyptian economy has begun to show signs of recovery from the turmoil that followed the 2011 ousting of then president Hosni Mubarak during the Ar(...)

Ousted Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi gestures during his trial on charges of spying and terrorism. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood organisation has been desigated a terrorist group by Cairo. Photograph: Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters

Egypt is beset by foreign terrorists on its borders, organised domestic terrorists in Sinai and lone wolf terrorists who plant homemade bombs at vulne(...)

An undated video grab taken from YouTube of David Bolam, a British teacher who was held hostage by militants in Libya who has now been released. Photograph: YouTube/PA Wire.

A British man who had been held hostage by militants in Libya has been released.The British Foreign Office said it was “glad that David Bolam is safe (...)

A resident of Tabqa city touring the streets on a motorcycle waves an Islamist flag in celebration after Islamic State militants took over Tabqa air base, in nearby Raqqa city August 24, 2014. Islamic State militants stormed the air base in northeast Syria on Sunday, capturing most of it from government forces after days of fighting over the strategic location, a witness and a monitoring group said. Fighting raged inside the walls of the Tabqa air base, the Syrian army's last foothold in an area otherwise controlled by IS, which has seized large areas of Syria and Iraq. REUTERS/Stringer   (SYRIA - Tags: POLITICS CIVIL UNREST CONFLICT TPX IMAGES OF THE DAY)

A few months ago few in the West had heard of Isis, the Sunni militants known at different times as Islamic State in Iraq and Syria and as Islamic (...)