The then US president Bill Clinton with Sinn Féin leader Gerry Adams in the Oval Office of the White House on March 17th, 2000. The success of the Northern Ireland peace process was one of Clinton’s greatest achievements. Photograph: William Vasta/AFP/Getty Images

The journalistic dictum that the more comfortable you make people, the more they will reveal applies to the world of academic historical research t(...)

Pakistani school girls pray for victims who were killed in an attack at the army-run school in Peshawar on Tuesday. Photograph: Ilyas Sheikh/EPA

The massacre of more than 130 Pakistani school children by Taliban gunmen was a chilling reminder of Hillary Clinton’s warning to Islamabad in 2011 th(...)

Former Florida governor Jeb Bush. He  is the first Republican to announce formally that he is exploring a candidacy. Photograph: Andy Jacobsohn/Getty Images

Jeb Bush, the son and young brother of former US presidents, has fired up the next race for the White House by announcing that he will “actively ex(...)

US president Barack Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping share  a toast at a lunch banquet in Beijing last month. Photograph: Greg Baker

After about 20 minutes of constructive, mutual back-slapping about fresh common ground that US president Barack Obama and China’s president Xi Jinping(...)

Former US president George W Bush speaks at the launch his new book, “41: A Portrait of My Father”, at the George Bush Presidential Library Center in College Station, Texas. Photograph: Mike Stone/Reuters

George W Bush, the 43rd president, unveiling his new biography of his father, 41st president, George HW Bush – a book he describes as “a love story” –(...)

From left, Miriam Gonzáles Durántez’s red Zara dress (2013); white Vivienne Westwood dress belonging to Shami Chakrabarti; Anne Hidalgo’s black wool Rech Paris suit with white silk blouse and wool scarf, worn the night she was elected mayor of Paris; Camila Batmanghelidjh’s Magbule Mulla cotton dress; Princess Charlene of Monaco’s racing car dress and dove-grey evening dress, both designed by Akris

What do the world’s most powerful women have in common? It’s not necessarily their acumen or intelligence. Often, it’s a distinct physical signifie(...)

US president Barack Obama meets his national security and public health teams in the Roosevelt Room at the White House yesterday. Photograph:  Mark Wilson/Getty Images

1. The voters are mad as hell...but Republicans are less crazy than before. Tuesday’s heavy losses by Democrats in the Senate, the House and governors(...)

US president Barack Obama photographed meeting with his national security and public health teams in the Roosevelt Room at the White House yesterday. He  could be on track to see his party record the biggest losses in the House of any presidential term since Harry Truman. Photograph: Mark Wilson/Getty Images

Barack Obama will need all his great oratorical powers to explain the Republican wins over Democrats in the US midterms elections that exceed the “she(...)

Republican candidate Joni Ernst on the campaign trail in Newton, Iowa. Her campaign ad about growing up on a pig farm clicked with voters. Photograph: Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images 1:22

Pigs and poultry. On such parochial issues can the make-up of national governments be decided, even in countries as large as the United States. They c(...)

Republican candidate Cory Gardner: women’s rights,  President Obama’s unpopularity, Ebola and the rise of Islamic State, are the most discussed issues in these elections. Photograph: Reuters

In one of the stranger negative campaign ads for next Tuesday’s US midterm elections, a young man scrambles from under a duvet in a bedside locker (...)