Jobseekers queue to enter an employment centre in Athens. Photograph: Kostas Tsironis/Bloomberg

In August last year French authorities began an investigation into possible negligence by Christine Lagarde, now head of the International Monetary Fu(...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel. ‘Holding the euro zone together will require Merkel to do something she has rarely done: make a far-reaching decision at odds with German public opinion.’ Photograph: Axel Schmidt/Getty Images 1:47

When German chancellor Angela Merkel addressed the Bundestag last Thursday morning, she said little she hadn’t said before. In her remarks on the b(...)

Former German chancellor Helmut Kohl (85) had a hip replacement in early May and had aimed to go to a Bavarian rehabilitation centre in June but this was now in doubt, according to ‘Bunte’ magazine. File photograph: Wolfgang Rattay/Reuters

Former chancellor Helmut Kohl, the architect of German reunification, is in intensive care at a clinic in Heidelberg after surgery on his intestine, a(...)

David Cameron: has warned of the UK “sleepwalking towards the exit” and  bizarrely sees his referendum pledge as a way of regaining control. Photograph: Leon Neal/Reuters

The preoccupation and worry in Dublin with the outcome of the UK general election is unusual. They usually matter a bit. This time, a lot. A subtext o(...)

 Richard von Weizsäcker, the former German president and one of the most prominent German politicians of his generation, has died  at the age of 94. Photograph: Adam Berry/Getty Images

Post-war Germany’s most popular president, Richard von Weizsäcker, who oversaw unification in 1990 and described the Nazi defeat as a “day of libera(...)

Sister act: Dolly Parton’s sequinned dazzle achieves the same end in her world as Angela Merkel’s buttoned-down sobriety does in hers: it triggers emotional appeal. Photograph: Ian Gavan/Getty

After almost a decade in office Angela Merkel is both the most powerful and, perhaps, the most understated woman in the world. With a huge 96.7 per (...)

Key players: former Soviet president Mikhail Gorbatchev, former US president George Bush and former German chancellor Helmut Kohl

329 days. Eleven months between the opening of the Wall and the “day of German unity”, the day when the two Germanys came together formally as (...)

ROMANIA: civilians cross Bucharest on a truck waving flags where the communist symbol has been cut off
1989’s other revolutions
  • Europe
  • November 6, 2014, 06:00

At a remove of 25 years, many people remember the collapse of communism in eastern Europe starting with the fall of the Berlin Wall.But by the time th(...)

Life goes on:  A Berlin resident hangs out washing on a clothes line attached to the Berlin Wall

The more I think about the last 25 years, the more it seems like an experiment. There are two main kinds of experiments. In one you have a hypothesis (...)

German-born US historian Fritz Stern speaks during a commemoration service for the 1944 attempt to assassinate Adolf Hitler by German officers

Fritz Stern has been an essential voice in German life for decades, though he fled the country as a 12-year-old boy. The historian, essayist and autho(...)