An undated picture of General Francisco Franco riding his horse. Towards the end of his regime, Franco had started to open the country up to tourism and international trade, but in many ways Spain’s economy was still lagging behind its European neighbours. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

The sun is going down over the Valley of the Fallen, the huge mausoleum north of Madrid where the dictator Francisco Franco is buried and the last vis(...)

 Spanish general Francisco Franco in the 1960s:  the dying Franco became the butt of jokes before his death in 1975. Photograph: AFP/AFP/Getty Images 0:36

Solemn music on state radio and television early on that chilly morning of Thursday November 20th, 1975, told Spaniards that Gen Francisco Franco, fas(...)

The republican mausoleum bearing the blotted inscription ‘Honor a los caidos’ (Honor to the fallen) in Belchite, Aragon. Photograph: Gerard Julien/AFP/Getty 0:36

Spain will mark the 40th anniversary of the death of Francisco Franco today. With the country still divided over the legacy of the dictator, activiti(...)

The tomb of  Spanish dictator Francisco Franco in the Valle de los Caidos (The Valley of the Fallen) near Madrid. Photogrph: Pedro Armestre/AFP/Getty Images 0:36

There was only one headline story on the front page of Spanish newspapers, day after day, in the late autumn of 1975. Every Monday morning, walking d(...)

Catalan president Artur Mas thanks followers as he leaves the Superior Court of Catalonia in Barcelona on Thursday. Photograph: Andreu Dalmau/EPA

An appearance in court by the nationalist premier of Catalonia, Artur Mas, brought hundreds of pro-independence politicians into the streets of Barcel(...)

Artur Mas, the leader of Catalonia’s independence drive, is summoned to court. Photograph: Sergio Perez/Reuters

Although a court summons issued to Artur Mas, the leader of Catalonia’s independence drive, could see him barred from office or even go to jail, it ap(...)

Paco Arcadio: “We didn’t go there for money, we went there for a higher reason – because of our ideology, we went because of our principles.”

When Paco Arcadio, a 21-year- old history student, arrived back in his hometown of Madrid in July after six months travelling, he had more than the us(...)

Secretary general of the Spanish Socialist Party Pedro Sánchez and his wife, Begoña Fernandez, wave in front of the national flag  during his official presentation in Madrid  as a candidate for the next general election. Photograph: Dani Pozo/AFP/Getty

When the leader of the opposition Spanish Socialists, Pedro Sánchez, strode on to the stage of a venue in central Madrid last weekend to confirm his c(...)

The Ducal Palace of Medina Sidonia in Sanlucar de Barrameda, Cadiz, Andalucia. Luisa Isabel Álvarez de Toledo, the Duchess of Medina Sidonia, was an outspoken campaigner against Franco’s right-wing dictatorship. Photograph:  Cristina Arias/Cover/Getty Images

A judge has ordered the exhumation of a Spanish aristocrat so a posthumous paternity test can be carried out at the request of a woman who claims t(...)

Xosé Filgueira Valverde: Celebration of Galician writer whose political career under the dictatorship of Francisco Franco, particularly his term as mayor of Pontevedra between 1959 and 1968, has sparked outrage.

For some, Xosé Filgueira Valverde was a prominent intellectual whose selfless public service included a spell as mayor of his home town. But for other(...)