General Francisco Franco (second from right) and his wife Doña Carmen Polo are saluted at a reception at Burgos. Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

The Hostal San Marcos in the northern Spanish city of León was originally a convent, built in the 16th century by King Ferdinand. Today, it is a pa(...)

Stamps depicting Spain’s Prince Felipe as future king are covered with gum for keychains at a factory in Colmenar Viejo. Photograph: Gonzalo Arroyo Moreno/Getty Images

Fidel Castro reportedly once said to Spain’s King Juan Carlos: “That son of yours, who’s so tall and fair, what is he – some kind of viceroy?” (...)

One thing can be said with certainty about 76-year-old King Juan Carlos II of Spain, who has announced that he is abdicating in favour of his son, Cro(...)

Spain’s King Juan Carlos makes a televised speech yesterday  in the Zarzuela Palace in Madrid announcing his abdication. Photograph: AP

King Juan Carlos I, credited as a key figure in the building of Spain’s modern democracy, has announced his abdication after nearly four decades on th(...)

President Michael D Higgins has praised King Juan Carlos of Spain, who is to abdicate,   for having brought  his country  together in the 1970s following the end of the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco. Photograph: Colin Keegan/Collins

President Michael D Higgins has paid tribute to the King of Spain, who is set to abdicate, for acting as a unifying force in his country.Mr Higgins(...)

Spanish King Juan Carlos I has abdicated in favour of his son Prince Felipe. King Juan Carlos who is 76, has ruled since 1975. Photograph: Ian Waldie/Getty Images

Spain‘s King Juan Carlos said today he would abdicate in favour of his more popular son Prince Felipe in an apparent bid to revive the scandal-hit mon(...)

Raimon: “I’m not pro-independence because I’ve never really thought about it”. Photograph:  Lluis Gene/AFP/Getty Images

For half a century the musician Raimon has been a symbol of rebellion, his passionate songs evoking the freedom of the open road and the glory of defy(...)

People look at drawings of  Antonio Machado and Federico Garcia Lorca – their fate during the Spanish Civil War has been glossed over in a school book. Photograph: Anne-Christine Poujoulat/AFP/Getty

The death of Spain’s most celebrated modern poet and playwright, Federico García Lorca, has long been a symbol of the brutality of the country’s civil(...)

Spain’s  Prince Felipe and Princess Letizia stand in front the coffin of former prime minister Adolfo Suárez during his wake at the Spanish parliament in Madrid yesterday. Photograph: Juanjo Martin/Reuters

Public figures and politicians of virtually all stripes came together in Spain’s Congress yesterday to pay tribute to Adolfo Suárez, the prime (...)

Volunteers at the Association for the Recovery of Historical Memory laboratory in Ponferrada. In common with her colleagues, Nuria Maqueda (left) is unable to find paid employument and now works full-time as a volunteer identifying mass graves containing anonymous victims of the civil war. Photogragh: Guy Hedgecoe

Nuria Maqueda is carefully cleaning the dirt off a bone with a small, fine-toothed brush. She still doesn’t kno(...)