German chancellor Angela Merkel: when her own phones were tapped, she said, “Spying on friends is just not on.” Photograph: Roni Rekomaa/AFP/Getty Images

When confronted with Edward Snowden’s allegations of US National Security Agency mass surveillance of European citizens, EU institutions, and even on(...)

Former SS officer Oskar Gröing sits outside during a break of his trial. The 93-year-old  did not contribute directly to killings but “gave the Nazi regime an economic boost” to continue its murderous campaign, the court heard. Photograph: Ronny Hartmann/AFP/Getty Images

As Auschwitz arrivals drew their last breaths in gas chambers, the 21 year-old SS officer Oskar Gröning plundered their suitcases for valuables.Yeste(...)

The chairman of the National Coalition Party Alexander Stubb speaking during a news conference at the party’s office in Helsinki yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Jussi Nukari/Lehtikuva

As a self-made millionaire, Finland’s Juha Sipilä knows a thing or two about success in business. After leading his Centre Party to victory in Sunday(...)

Pictures of the second black box from the plane that crashed in the French Alps are displayed in Marseilles. Photograph: Boris Horvat/AFP/Getty Images

French investigators are examining the flight data recorder of Germanwings flight 9525 recovered yesterday amid claims that its co-pilot searched the(...)

Joint news conference: German chancellor Angela Merkel  and French president François Hollande   yesterday. Photograph: Bernd Von Jutrczenka/EPA

After three years of mixed messages and missed chances, two tragedies in three months have kickstarted the stalled Franco-German motor.Chancellor Ang(...)

Relatives of a crash victim  visiting a memorial in Le Vernet, southeastern France, yesterday. Photograph: EPA/Yoan Valat 1:53

A week after flight 9525 crashed in the French alps, killing all 150 people on board, German investigators have hit out at media pressure to deliver n(...)

Michael Healy-Rea: report said he hid ‘behind the veneer of a friendly/simple country yokel’ but was ‘unbeatable electorally’. It claimed he had a ‘vicious temper . . . he is not like his more collegial father in that regard.’ Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill / The Irish Times

Independent TD Michael Healy-Rae has accused Fine Gael of “looking down their nose” at him after party strategy documents accused him of hiding beh(...)

This picture circulating on the internet and social networks allegedly shows Andreas Lubitz posing in front of the Golden Gate Bridge in California 1:07

The death notice from the Westerwald Glider Club – headlined “In Deep Mourning” – relates club members’ shock on learning that one of their members(...)

Tuesday’s oral hearing at the European Court of Justice was a referral from the Irish High Court on foot of a complaint filed by Austrian privacy campaigner Max Schrems against the Irish Data Protection Commissioner.

The European Commission has conceded that it cannot guarantee EU citizens’ fundamental right to privacy when their data is transferred to the US.Dur(...)

Anyone hoping for a quiet few hours at Luxembourg’s European Court of Justice (ECJ) yesterday went home disappointed. What could have been a dry discu(...)