Syrians fleeing the northern  city of Aleppo wait  in Bab Al-Salam, near the city of Azaz, northern Syria, near the Turkish border crossing. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Turkey is under pressure to admit 40,000 Syrians who have been camped on the border between the two countries after fleeing the biggest Syrian governm(...)

In February, the UN Security Council was asked to investigate the deaths of 12 doctors in the Islamic State-held city of Mosul. It was alleged the doctors were killed after refusing to remove organs. Photograph: Mike Segar/Reuters

Islamic State has sanctioned the harvesting of human organs in a previously undisclosed ruling by the group’s Islamic scholars, raising concerns that (...)

A Turkish soldier check cars at a check point in Diyarbakir on July 26th, 2015 following the death of two Turkish soldiers. Photograph: Inilyas Akengin/AFP/Getty Images

Kurdish militants killed two Turkish soldiers in a roadside bombing on Sunday, the military said, apparently retaliating for Ankara’s crackdown on th(...)

An explosion rocks Kobani city centre yesterday during a reported suicide car bomb attack by Islamic State militants group. Photograph: Getty

US secretary of state John Kerry justified the first air drop of weapons to Kurdish forces fighting Islamic State (IS) militants in Kobani, Syria, (...)

A man purported to be the reclusive leader of the militant Islamic State Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi making what would be his first public appearance at a mosque in the centre of Iraq’s second city, Mosul in a video recording posted online on  July 5th.  Photograph: Reuters

When American forces raided a home near Fallujah during the turbulent 2004 offensive against the Iraqi Sunni insurgency, they got the hard-core milita(...)

Sunni gunmen walk at a street in Fallujah city, westren Iraq, yesterday. Photograph:  EPA/Ahmed Jalil

A group of Sunni militants attending a suicide bombing training class at a camp north of Baghdad were killed yesterday when their commander unwittingl(...)