Syrian Kurds from Kobani wait behind border fences to cross into Turkey. Photograph: Reuters/Murad Sezer

Islamic State fighters have launched simultaneous attacks against Syrian government and Kurdish militia forces, moving back on to the offensive after (...)

Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) fighters stand at the Syrian-Turkish border crossing of Tel Abyad, as vehicles transport people who were wounded in violence, which activists said was caused by Islamic State fighters in Kobani, Syria on Thursday. Photograph: Rodi Said/Reuters

Islamic State fighters launched simultaneous attacks against the Syrian government and Kurdish militia overnight, moving back onto the offensive after(...)

 Members of Kurdish People Defence Units (YPG) on guard near the Tel Abyad border gate, northern Syria, June 23rd, 2015. Photograph: Sedat Suna/EPA

Kurdish-led forces in Syria seized a town from Islamic State on Tuesday after capturing a military base overnight, aided by US-led air strikes in some(...)

A Syrian refugee from the northern Syrian town of Tel Abyad and her children  waiting for aid in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, Turkey. Photograph: Umit Bektas/Reuters

Islamic State (IS) fighters are preventing fuel shipments from reaching rebel-held parts of northern Syria, causing severe shortages that are paralysi(...)

Israel’s security cabinet minister Naftali Bennett is calling on the international community to recognise Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights. Photograph: Jim Hollander/EPA

A far-right ally of Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu urged world powers on Sunday to recognise Israel’s 1981 annexation of the Golan Heights,(...)

Syrian war planes on Friday bombed Islamic State fighters trying to advance into the northeastern city of Hasaka on Friday.  The IS attack follows heavy defeats this last month for the group in the northeast by the  Kurdish People’s Protection Units (pictured). Photograph: Rodi Said/Reuters.

Syrian war planes on Friday bombed Islamic State fighters trying to advance into the northeastern city of Hasaka in an offensive that is adding to the(...)

Children queue for water in the northwestern Syrian city of Ariha, in Idlib province, on Tuesday, after a coalition of insurgent groups seized the area. Syria has seen an increased flow of weapons and funds and an influx of fighters to insurgent and jihadi groups. Photogaph:  Khalil Ashawi/Reuters

In early March, the Syrian regime was on the offensive and had retaken territory lost to insurgents. Reasonable prospects existed for dialogue between(...)

Smoke rises after what activists said were clashes with Islamic State fighters in Aleppo.  Photograph: Mahmoud Hebbo/Reuters

Syrian insurgents rushed reinforcements into battle on Tuesday against Islamic State militants who, according to opposition leaders, had seized crucia(...)

An image made available by Jihadist media outlet Welayat Homs  shows the Palmyra prison being blown up by Islamic State group jihadists, 10 days after they seized the ancient city from pro-regime forces. The prison was the site of a massacre in 1980 in which hundreds of inmates were killed.  Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

Islamic State group jihadists demolished a notorious government prison in the historic Syrian city of Palmyra on Saturday, as barrel bombs dropped by (...)

Syrians stand amidst the destruction in the eastern Shaar neighbourhood of the northern Syrian city of Aleppo on Saturday. Photograph: Getty Images

A Syrian air force raid killed at least 59 civilians at a market in a town held by Islamic State militants in northern Syria on Saturday, according to(...)