War diaries record things that most children shouldn’t see. But by bearing witness, either as fiction or true account, the diary is a small victory against writing children’s voices out of history

When I began writing about the 1916 Rising through the eyes of a child, the diary format felt a natural fit. Dublin was crammed with writers in 191(...)

A sculpture  at the Memorial Hall of the Victims in the Nanjing Massacre in Nanjing, China. China applied to Unesco to list material relating to the 1937 Nanjing Massacre and wartime sex slavery the Memory of the World programme. Photograph: China Photos/Getty Images

Tensions between China and Japan are intensifying again after Beijing accused Tokyo of trying to block China’s application to Unesco to list material (...)

Queen Elizabeth II gives a speech during a State Banquet at the Schloss Bellevue Palace on the second day of a four day State Visit in Berlin, Germany. Photograph: Guido Bergmann/Getty Images. 1:54

Queen Elizabeth II has warned of the dangers of a divided Europe hours before her prime minister, David Cameron, presents his reform proposals for the(...)

Dutch psychologist Dr Gerard van den Aardweg , at a press conference organised by the Alliance for the Defence of the Family and Marriage in Dublin. Photograph: Eric Luke

It is scientifically absurd to present homosexuality as equal to heterosexuality, according to Dutch psychologist Dr Gerard van den Aardweg. Sp(...)

Few adult love affairs ever acquire the intensity of the bonds that develop between girls about to become teenagers if apparently convinced that th(...)

Jewish teenager  Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in May 1945 at the age of 15. Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

One of the enduring mysteries of the second World War, the identity of the person who betrayed 15-year-old diarist Anne Frank and her family to the Na(...)

Brigitte Eicke: her diary, written in shorthand, reveals the normality of wartime life for a teenager in Berlin and is in stark contrast to the experiences of Anne Frank. Photograph: Derek Scally

January 13th, 1943 was a bad day for Brigitte Eicke, and for Anne Frank. Brigitte spent the evening in her Berlin apartment stitching a coat for he(...)

Hilde Michnia is suspected of forcing prisoners on an evacuation march in 1945

Up six steps from the front door, Hilde Michnia’s brown apartment door is decorated with a garland of white polyester roses. A black strip, reading “2(...)

Some of the 600 children, who  survived Auschwitz II-Birkenau, show their tattooed identification numbers. Some 7,000 prisoners, including more than 600 children and youths below the age of 18, were alive when the camp was liberated. Photograph: Reuters

The Diary of Anne Frank (1947), Anne Frank Published by her father after the war, Anne Frank’s diary gives an account of her family’s hidden li(...)

Ulysses: like all great books, it makes a great internal mess in the reader that might take years to tidy up

If a person is sentimental, and so inclined, he or she can consider the development of their life in terms of the books that punctuate its various (...)