Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad: targeting of Syria shows Moscow gives priority to strengthening Damascus against near enemies rather than striking Islamic State. Photograph: Sana via Reuters

Russia’s deployment of war planes, missile systems, tanks, and armoured troop carriers has dramatically changed the shape of the conflict on the groun(...)

German chancellor Angela Merkel celebrates the 25th anniversary of German reunification. Political critics argue that Germany’s resources are exhausted even before one million refugees arrive this year. Photograph: Thomas Lohnes/Getty

Growing disunity over how to manage the refugee crisis overshadowed weekend celebrations marking a quarter century of German unity. A month after Germ(...)

A new Volkswagen (VW) car is seen in the foreground as new cars of the Volkswagen group are parked ready for shipping at the car terminal of the port of Bremerhaven. 	Photograph: Getty 2:33

German chancellor Angela Merkel told a German radio station the emissions scandal around German carmaker Volkswagen was “drastic” but the damage wa(...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel speaks with Russian president Vladimir Putin during a bilateral prior to a summit on Ukraine at the Elysee Palace in Paris. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/AFP/Getty Images

Russian president Vladimir Putin is meeting the leaders of Ukraine, France and Germany on Friday in a revived European push to bring peace to eastern (...)

A record 270,000 to 280,000 refugees arrived in Germany in September, more than the total for 2014. Photograph: Kay Nietfeld/AFP/Getty Images

There is a risk of violence among asylum seekers getting out of hand at accommodation centres in Germany, the country’s police union chief said on Fri(...)

Austrian Vice Chancellor Reinhold Mitterlehner: Hinted at an early election. Photograph: Heinz-Peter Bader/Reuters

Europe’s refugee crisis has begun to weigh on Vienna’s ruling coalition government, which is struggling with the rise and rise of the far-right opposi(...)

US president Barack Obama meets with Russian president Vladimir Putin at the Group of 20 summit meeting in Mexico, in 2012. Photograph: Stephen Crowley/The New York Times

Through the summer of 2015, Vladimir Putin has played a bold and unexpected diplomatic hand, taking Moscow from being frozen out over Ukraine to a pow(...)

Migrants play with a ball at a temporary shelter in a sports hall in Hanau, Germany. Photograph: Kai Pfaffenbach/Reuters

German police have called for refugees to be housed along religious and ethnic lines after a series of mass brawls in emergency accommodation. Last we(...)

Wolseley led the drop, falling 12.5 per cent, after it forecast North American industrial markets will be challenging, and the UK heating industry will remain competitive. Photograph: Anna Gowthorpe/PA Wire

Financial markets remained on edge after a rout Monday, as a rally in US stocks faded while gauges of European and emerging-market equities retreated.(...)

A group of chief executives (including Mark Zuckerberg, bottom left)  applaud as Chinese president Xi Jinping arrives to greet them. Mr Zuckerberg announced on Saturday Facebook would help the United Nations bring Internet connections to refugee camps.

Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook chief executive, said his company would help the United Nations bring Internet connections to refugee camps. “It’s not all a(...)