Jean Tirole:  won the 2014 Nobel prize in economic science. Photograph: Toulouse School of Economics via The New York Times

The announcement last week that the Nobel prize for economics was going to Toulouse professor Jean Tirole led to a flurry of essays and articles discu(...)

Jean Tirole (61) works at the Toulouse School of Economics in France.

French economist Jean Tirole has won the Nobel prize for economics for his research on market power and regulation. The Royal Swedish Academy of Scien(...)

Malala Yousafzai acknowledges the crowd at a press conference at the Library of Birmingham after being announced as a recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize today. Photograph:  Christopher Furlong/Getty Images

Pakistani teenager Malala Yousafzai, who was shot in the head by the Taliban in 2012 for advocating girls’ right to education, said she was honoured t(...)

Patrick Modiano: awarded Nobel Prize for Literature “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation”. Photograph: Bertrand Rindoff Petroff/Getty Images

This year’s Nobel Prize for Literature has been awarded to the French author Patrick Modiano “for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most (...)

 Nobel Prize winner US Professor John O’ Keefe speaks to reporters after winning the award for Physiology or Medicine during a press conference in London. Photograph: Facundo Arrizabalaga/EPA 0:51

A son of Irish emigrants, Anglo-American professor John O’Keefe jointly won the 2014 Nobel Prize for medicine today with Norwegian couple May-Britt an(...)

Stockholm: Sweden’s liberal society is feted as a western exemplar, but behind it lurk the usual conflicts

There has been an explo- sion in the Vinterviken dynamite factory. Someone has dropped a glass and it shattered into 50 pieces on the floor of the for(...)

Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) director general Ahmet Uzumcu speaking  in The Hague earlier this week. Photograph: Toussaint Kluiters/Reuters

The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which is overseeing the destruction of Syria’s chemicals weapon arsenal, has today wo(...)

British physicist Peter Higgs (R) smiling next to CERN Director general Rolf Heuer (C) and Belgium physicist Francois Englert. Photograph: Reuters

Britain’s Peter Higgs and Belgium’s Francois Englert have won the 2013 Nobel prize for physics for predicting the existence of the Higgs boson - the p(...)