Syrian migrants and refugees on their way through Turkey. In the absence of a safe zone inside Syria, Turkey may be unable to prevent refugees from entering, and subsequently exiting to Europe. Photograph: AFP Photo/Bulent kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Russia’s recent intervention in the Syrian Civil War has further complicated what was already the most complex conflict of this century. It is likely (...)

A frame grab taken from footage released by Russia’s Defence Ministry on Saturday. Photograph: Reuters

Russian jets hit Islamic State targets and other rebel groups in Syria on Saturday, on a fourth day of air strikes by Moscow in support of president (...)

A rebel fighter rides a motorbike along a road in Qarmeed camp, as smoke rises in the background after Islamist rebel fighters took control of the area from forces of Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad . Photograph: Abdalghne Karoof/Reuters

Islamist rebels and the Syrian army fought fierce battles in Latakia province overnight close to president Bashar al-Assad’s ancestral home, the army (...)

Free Syrian Army fighters move a mortar in Ain-Assan village in Aleppo yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Molhem Barakat

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad has said Turkey will pay a “heavy price” for funnelling into Syria radical jihadi fighters from 80 countries and harb(...)

A Free Syrian Army fighter rests next to his weapons in al-Swaika district in Aleppo at the weekend. Photograph: Molhem Barakat/Reuters

Rebel groups in Syria’s north say they have received their largest shipment of weapons yet, in a fillip to an anti-government campaign that had stalle(...)