Syrians fleeing the battle for control of Aleppo walk towards the Turkish border at the Bab al-Salam border gate, on February 5th. The districts held by anti-governmetn forces  in Aleppo are a prize they dare not lose. Photograph: Depo Photos via AP

When the battle for Syria’s largest city and commercial hub, Aleppo, began in July 2012, the provincial governor appealed for troops to counter rebel (...)

Syrian Arab Red Crescent ambulances evacuate fighters and civilians from the two besieged Shia towns of al-Foua and Kefraya in the mainly rebel-held northwestern province of Idlib. Photograph: Reuters

Buses evacuated several hundred fighters and civilians from two besieged areas in Syria on Monday under a deal between warring parties backed by the U(...)

Zahran Abduallah Alloush delivering a speech during a passing out ceremony for graduating recruits of his group on 29th April 2015. Photograph: EPA

A top Syrian rebel leader and head of the most powerful insurgent group in the eastern suburbs of Damascus was killed in an aerial raid that targeted (...)

Syrian migrants and refugees on their way through Turkey. In the absence of a safe zone inside Syria, Turkey may be unable to prevent refugees from entering, and subsequently exiting to Europe. Photograph: AFP Photo/Bulent kilic/AFP/Getty Images

Russia’s recent intervention in the Syrian Civil War has further complicated what was already the most complex conflict of this century. It is likely (...)

A frame grab taken from footage released by Russia’s Defence Ministry on Saturday. Photograph: Reuters

Russian jets hit Islamic State targets and other rebel groups in Syria on Saturday, on a fourth day of air strikes by Moscow in support of president (...)

A rebel fighter rides a motorbike along a road in Qarmeed camp, as smoke rises in the background after Islamist rebel fighters took control of the area from forces of Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad . Photograph: Abdalghne Karoof/Reuters

Islamist rebels and the Syrian army fought fierce battles in Latakia province overnight close to president Bashar al-Assad’s ancestral home, the army (...)

Free Syrian Army fighters move a mortar in Ain-Assan village in Aleppo yesterday. Photograph: Reuters/Molhem Barakat

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad has said Turkey will pay a “heavy price” for funnelling into Syria radical jihadi fighters from 80 countries and harb(...)

A Free Syrian Army fighter rests next to his weapons in al-Swaika district in Aleppo at the weekend. Photograph: Molhem Barakat/Reuters

Rebel groups in Syria’s north say they have received their largest shipment of weapons yet, in a fillip to an anti-government campaign that had stalle(...)