Egyptian  President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi (centre) at an emergency meeting of the National Defense Council yesterday. Photograph: AP Photo/Mena

Egypt has declared a three-month state of emergency in the north and centre of the Sinai peninsula after a suicide car bombing killed 30 soldiers.The (...)

 US Secretary of State John Kerry speaks in Cairo   after the International donors conference on financing the reconstruction of the Gaza Strip. Photograph:  EPA

US secretary of state John Kerry yesterday called for a renewed commitment to achieving Middle East peace, saying a lasting deal between Israel, the P(...)

Refugees wait near the Turkish-Syrian border after fleeing Syria, near Sanliurfa, Turkey, yesterday. More than  130,000 Syrian Kurds fleeing the Islamic State militant group have crossed into Turkey in the past three days, the deputy Turkisk prime minister said. Photograph: Ulas Yunus Tosun/EPA.

Syrian Kurdish fighters say they have halted an advance by Islamic State fighters to the east of a predominantly Kurdish town near the border with Tur(...)

Supporters of Mohammed Morsi protest outside his trial in Cairo in November 2013. Photograph: Tara Todras-Whitehill/The New York Times

The killing of hundreds of Egyptian demonstrators at two protest camps last year was systematic, ordered by top officials and probably amounts to crim(...)

Human Rights Watch has criticised the   crackdown on dissent by authorities since  Abdel Fattah al-Sisi seized power in July last year. Photograph: Reuters

Human Rights Watch has accused Egypt’s government of trying to silence all criticism, after two of its top staff were held at Cairo airport for 12 hou(...)

Muslim Brotherhood senior member Mohamed El-Beltagy (L) gestures the group’s four-fingered Rabaa hand symbol next to Islamist cleric Safwat Hegazis as they are held in  the defendant’s cage, at a courtroom in Cairo. An Egyptian court has today moved to dissolve the political wing of the Muslim Brotherhood. Photograph: Amr Abdallah Dalsh/Reuters.

An Egyptian court has dissolved the Freedom and Justice Party, the political wing of the banned Muslim Brotherhood, dealing a crippling blow in the c(...)

Smoke rises over an oil depot, containing six million litres of petrol, hit by a rocket, in Tripoli. Anarchy has swept theNorth African oil producer during two weeks of fighting by rival factions. Photograph: Hani Amara/Reuters

A rocket hit a fuel storage tank in a chaotic battle for Tripoli airport that has all but closed off international flights to Libya, leaving fire-fig(...)

Egyptian security forces extinguish a fire during recent clashes in Cairo. Smugglers armed with guns and rocket-propelled grenades killed 15  border guards near the frontier with Libya today. Photograph: Mohamed Kamal/EPA.

Smugglers armed with guns and rocket-propelled grenades killed 15 Egyptian border guards near the frontier with Libya today, security officials said. (...)

 An Israeli artillery unit  fires a shell towards the Gaza Strip from a location in southern Israel. Photograph: Jim Hollander/EPA 1:34

Israel has tonight agreed to a proposed six-hour cessation of hostilities in the Gaza Strip for humanitarian reasons, a Israeli senior official said(...)

Palestinian relatives and friends of the Kawarea family carry one of seven bodies during their funeral at the Khan Yunis refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip today. The father, an alleged member of militant Fatah movement and his six young sons were killed in an Israeli air strike that targeted their house. Photograph: EPA/MOHAMMED SABER 1:20

Israeli air strikes shook Gaza every few minutes today, and militants kept up rocket fire at Israel’s heartland in intensifying warfare that Palestini(...)