Amedspor fans cheer outside the stadium before the Turkish Cup quarter-final  soccer match between Amedspor and Fenerbahce in the Kurdish-dominated southeastern city of Diyarbakir, Turkey. Photograph:  Sertac Kayar/Reuters

Tear gas hung in the air and an F-16 fighter jet roared overhead, as the two teams took their places on a football pitch in Diyarbakir, the unwilling (...)

A paramilitary police officer carrying  the body of Alan Kurdi (3) near the Turkish resort of Bodrum last September.  Images of the boy’s body on the beach galvanised world attention towards the refugee crisis. Photograph: AP Photo/DHA

Two alleged people-smugglers have gone on trial in Turkey accused of causing the death of three-year-old Syrian migrant boy Alan Kurdi and four other(...)

US secretary of defence Ash Carter:  “There is now a criminal syndicate that is exploiting these poor people and this is an organised smuggling operation,” he said. “Targeting that is the way that the greatest effect can be had.” Photograph: Yves Herman/Reuters

Nato will send military vessels to the Aegean Sea to help Turkey and Greece crack down on criminal networks smuggling migrants and refugees into Euro(...)

Syrian refugees at the Turkish Oncupinar crossing gate, near Kilis. About 30,000 Syrians have gathered there, having fled attacks on Aleppo. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

In the southern reaches of Turkey, the war in Syria no longer seems like a conflict in a far-away land. Just over the border in the town of Azaz, th(...)

A  migrant woman  waits for  the train to depart to Slovenia on her journey to western Europe from  a refugee transit camp in Slavonski Brod, Croatia. Photograph: Darrin Zammit/Reuters

As the Syrian conflict continues to rage, the prospect of a renewed exodus of citizens to Europe seems all but inevitable. The deteriorating situatio(...)

 People trying to  leave the besieged town of Madaya in this file photograph from last month.  Doctors Without Borders says dozens of people have died of starvation in the town since September. Photograph: AP

The residents of the besieged Syrian town of Madaya say they are again facing starvation as meagre supplies delivered last month are already running o(...)

Refugees  near the Syrian border in Kilis, Turkey. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty

Saudi Arabia is discussing plans to deploy ground troops with regional allies, including Turkey, for a safe zone in Syria, in a last-ditch effort to k(...)

Syrians fleeing the battle for control of Aleppo walk towards the Turkish border at the Bab al-Salam border gate, on February 5th. The districts held by anti-governmetn forces  in Aleppo are a prize they dare not lose. Photograph: Depo Photos via AP

When the battle for Syria’s largest city and commercial hub, Aleppo, began in July 2012, the provincial governor appealed for troops to counter rebel (...)

 Syrian refugees   at the closed  border gate   in Kilis, Turkey:  Local councils in Aleppo  estimate that  100,000-150,000 civilians could flee the city if Russian air strikes continue. Photograph:  Chris McGrath/Getty

Hundreds of thousands of civilians could be cut off from food if Syrian government forces encircle rebel-held parts of Aleppo, the United Nations said(...)

Volunteers wait for the arrival of refugee and migrant boats  on a beach on the Greek island of Lesbos. The International Organisation for Migration says 374 migrants have died so far this year while trying to reach Greece.  Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

At least 27 refugees, including 11 children, drowned after a boat trying to reach the Greek island of Lesbos capsized two miles off the Turkish coast (...)