Iraqi government forces under Islamic State slogans, in the town of Heet, which they are battling to retake from Isis jihadists. Photograph: Moadh Al-Dulaimi/AFP/Getty Images

It’s a diverse, fast-growing organisation with an expanding bureaucracy. Integrating its well-educated, multilingual workforce is a major headache, bu(...)

Tahrir Square in Ciaro on February 1, 2011. Most 18-29-year-olds in the region have disengaged from politics after the uprisings. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)

Since the 1980s the Middle East has had a youth bulge caused by improved healthcare and a continuing high fertility rate. More than two-thirds of the(...)

Yemeni teenagers play soccer in front of a mosque on Socotra Island, Yemen. Concern about poor job prospects was observed in the survey across the Arab world, where one in four 15- to 24-year-olds are jobless – the highest youth unemployment on the planet, according to World Bank. Photograph: Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images

The vast majority of young Arabs are increasingly rejecting Islamic State and believe the extremist group will fail to establish a caliphate, a poll h(...)

A man waves the Libyan national flag in Benghazi on Tuesday  as he celebrates the eastern government’s gains in the area. Photograph: Esam Omran Al-Fetori/Reuters

The deserted royal palace in Tripoli, hidden behind locked gates and an overgrown garden, stands as a monument to Col Moammar Gadafy’s virulent reject(...)

Germany’s chancellor Angela Merkel is under growing domestic pressure to drive down asylum seeker numbers. Photoghraph: Fabrizio Bensch/Reuters

Germany has sent angry letters to Pakistan as well as north and west African countries, accusing them of refusing to take back failed asylum applicant(...)

Roman ruins  in  Sabratha on Libya’s Mediterreanean coast. Unidentified aircraft  carried out air strikes in the area early on Friday. Photograph: Ismail Zitouny/Reuters

US military aircraft carried out strikes against Islamic State-linked militants in western Libya on Friday, killing more than 40 people in an operatio(...)

Druze men from the village of Buqatat carry a picture of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad during a rally in support of the Syrian regime at the weekend. Photograph: Atef Safadi/EPA

When Arab Spring protests against autocratic governments erupted in 2011, the common causes in Tunisia, Egypt, Syria and Yemen, the countries most aff(...)

Armed police on horseback patrol Marhaba beach in June where 38 people were killed in a terrorist attack in Sousse, Tunisia. File photograph: Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

The far-reaching tentacles of the Islamic State terror machine are impossible to miss when browsing the travel advice section of the Department of For(...)

A file image showing members of the German Navy watching the radar in the operations room of the frigate ‘Bayern’ in port at Limassol.  There is currently no comprehensive system to track shipments and cargos through EU ports and along its approximately 70,000km of coastline. Photograph: Getty

As Europe’s politicians struggle to control a deepening migrant crisis and staunch the rising threat of Islamist terrorism on their borders, little at(...)

“It’s new that weapons of war are being used”:  the recovered M52 hand grenade  which had been thrown into a migrant home in Villingen-Schwenningen, Germany. Photograph: Thomas Niedermueller/Getty Images

Migration tensions have escalated further in Germany after a hand grenade was lobbed into an asylum home in a small Black Forest town early Friday mo(...)