Syrian refugees at the Turkish Oncupinar crossing gate, near Kilis. About 30,000 Syrians have gathered there, having fled attacks on Aleppo. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

In the southern reaches of Turkey, the war in Syria no longer seems like a conflict in a far-away land. Just over the border in the town of Azaz, th(...)

EU migration commissioner Dimitris Avramopoulos  praised Athens and Rome for a “spectacular” increase in how many arrivals they are fingerprinting but said they were still falling short. Photograph: Laurent Dubrule/EPA

EU states took a new step towards a two-year suspension of their open-borders zone yesterday as the European Commission again rebuked them for failing(...)

 People trying to  leave the besieged town of Madaya in this file photograph from last month.  Doctors Without Borders says dozens of people have died of starvation in the town since September. Photograph: AP

The residents of the besieged Syrian town of Madaya say they are again facing starvation as meagre supplies delivered last month are already running o(...)

Refugees  near the Syrian border in Kilis, Turkey. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty

Saudi Arabia is discussing plans to deploy ground troops with regional allies, including Turkey, for a safe zone in Syria, in a last-ditch effort to k(...)

Syrians fleeing the battle for control of Aleppo walk towards the Turkish border at the Bab al-Salam border gate, on February 5th. The districts held by anti-governmetn forces  in Aleppo are a prize they dare not lose. Photograph: Depo Photos via AP

When the battle for Syria’s largest city and commercial hub, Aleppo, began in July 2012, the provincial governor appealed for troops to counter rebel (...)

 Syrian refugees   at the closed  border gate   in Kilis, Turkey:  Local councils in Aleppo  estimate that  100,000-150,000 civilians could flee the city if Russian air strikes continue. Photograph:  Chris McGrath/Getty

Hundreds of thousands of civilians could be cut off from food if Syrian government forces encircle rebel-held parts of Aleppo, the United Nations said(...)

Iraqi  forces   on the eastern outskirts of Ramadi: The recapture of the area from Islamic State secures a link between the city  and  an  army base operated by US-led coalition forces. Photograph:  Stringer/Reuters

Iraqi forces recaptured territory east of Ramadi from Islamic State militants on Tuesday, linking the Anbar provincial capital to a major army base ne(...)

 French journalist and author Nicolas Hénin: ‘Bashar al-Assad is responsible for between seven and 10 times as many civilian deaths as Islamic State.’  Photograph:  Mustafa Yalcin/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Nearly five years after it started, the war in Syria has claimed some 300,000 lives. Now the Russian air force is pounding the country’s second city, (...)

Volunteers wait for the arrival of refugee and migrant boats  on a beach on the Greek island of Lesbos. The International Organisation for Migration says 374 migrants have died so far this year while trying to reach Greece.  Photograph: Darrin Zammit Lupi/Reuters

At least 27 refugees, including 11 children, drowned after a boat trying to reach the Greek island of Lesbos capsized two miles off the Turkish coast (...)

Syrians fleeing the northern embattled city of Aleppo wait for tents in Bab-Al Salam, near the Turkish border crossing. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty Images

The arrival of 40,000 refugees at the Turkish border north of Aleppo is a sign of how dramatically the dynamic of the conflict has shifted since Russi(...)