President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks at a rally in Bayburt, Turkey. Photograph: Yasin Bulbul/Pool via The New York Times

Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan has voiced regret over the downing of a Russian military jet, saying his country is “truly saddened” b(...)

Falling to earth: the Russian jet crashes after Turkey shot it down. Photographs: Reuters

Why did Turkey shoot down a Russian aircraft on Tuesday? Ankara shares a 900km border with Syria, some of which is controlled by so-called Is(...)

 Dutch prime minister Mark Rutte:  The  “mini Schengen” plan of cutting back the borderless zone to just five countries – the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, Luxemburg and Austria – was being discussed before the Paris attacks. Photograph: Martijn Beekman/EPA

It’s a sign of how fractious the European debate over the future of Schengen has become that the only coherent proposal this weekend is one f(...)

New air strikes targeting the Syrian city of Raqqa have killed at least eight people, including five children, according to opposition groups(...)

Iran has said it will announce plans to expand output by 500,000 barrels a day

Oil pared its first weekly gain in a month as Libya sought to increase output and Russia ruled out military retaliation against Turkey for down(...)

 UK chancellor of the Exchequer George Osborne on BBC’s The Andrew Marr Show: he claimed Western nations are seeing ‘the price of not getting involved’ in Syria

David Cameron was calm, polite and conciliatory in the House of Commons but his purpose could not have been more deadly: to persuade MPs to a(...)

Police and a bomb squad   in Berlin’s southern suburb of Britz. Police detained two suspects in a series of raids targeting Islamists in Berlin. Photograph: John MacDougall/AFP/Getty Images

Germany has signalled its readiness to provide military assistance – but no ground troops – in the battle against IS in Syria. As politicia(...)

 British prime minister David Cameron  in the House of Commons as he argued the case for Britain to join air strikes in Syria. Photograph: AFP Photo/ Getty Images

David Cameron told MPs that attacking Islamic State in Syria would help make the United Kingdom safer, adding that the country could not outsou(...)

Turkish president Tayyip Erdogan: Turkey dismisses Russian response as “emotional” and “unfitting”. Photograph: Umit Bektas/Reuters

Russia threatened economic retaliation against Turkey yesterday and said it was still awaiting a reasonable explanation for the shooting down(...)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel (left) with German defence minister Ursula von der Leyen. Photograph: Odd Andersen/AFP/Getty Images

Germany has signalled its readiness to provide military assistance - but no ground troops - in the battle against IS in Syria. After meetin(...)