Russian President Vladimir Putin with Rosneft chief executive Igor Sechin. The head of  the state-controlled oil company told an energy conference  the world’s top producers would not give ground. Photograph: Reuters

The most powerful figure in Russia’s oil industry yesterday signalled his steadfast opposition to combining with Opec to reverse the crude price rout (...)

“At the moment we don’t have a system of law and order. It is reign of injustice,” said Bavarian state premier Horst Seehofer to a Bavarian regional newspaper, a week after he irritated Angela Merkel  by meeting Russian president Vladimir Putin in Moscow. Photograph: Sven Hoppe/EPA

Angela Merkel’s prickly Bavarian allies have stepped up their campaign against the German chancellor, likening her divisive migration policy to a “rei(...)

Refugees  near the Syrian border in Kilis, Turkey. Photograph: Bulent Kilic/AFP/Getty

Saudi Arabia is discussing plans to deploy ground troops with regional allies, including Turkey, for a safe zone in Syria, in a last-ditch effort to k(...)

Syrians fleeing the battle for control of Aleppo walk towards the Turkish border at the Bab al-Salam border gate, on February 5th. The districts held by anti-governmetn forces  in Aleppo are a prize they dare not lose. Photograph: Depo Photos via AP

When the battle for Syria’s largest city and commercial hub, Aleppo, began in July 2012, the provincial governor appealed for troops to counter rebel (...)

 Syrian refugees   at the closed  border gate   in Kilis, Turkey:  Local councils in Aleppo  estimate that  100,000-150,000 civilians could flee the city if Russian air strikes continue. Photograph:  Chris McGrath/Getty

Hundreds of thousands of civilians could be cut off from food if Syrian government forces encircle rebel-held parts of Aleppo, the United Nations said(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin. Photograph: Alexei Druzhinin/Sputnik/Kremlin/Reuters

Russia is exploring international bond issuance for the first time since the war in Ukraine sparked sanctions from the West in 2014, in a sign that th(...)

Syrians gather at the site following a reported air strike on the rebel-held neighbourhood of al-Kalasa in the northern Syrian city of Aleppo, on Thursday. Photograph: Thaer Mohammed/AFP/Getty Images

Opposition forces in northern Syria say they are losing their grip on Aleppo as Russian bombardment and advances by pro-Assad militias come close to(...)

UN envoy for Syria Staffan de Mistura announces the suspension of peace talks in Geneva on Tuesday. Photograph: Martial Trezzin/Keystone via APi

The main Syrian opposition and government have traded blame for the suspension of UN mediated talks to end the four-year old war in Syria, but sponsor(...)

The cockpit wreckage of Flight MH17: on December 15th, Putin signed a  law allowing the Constitutional Court in Moscow to overrule  decisions of international courts where they contradict the principle of supremacy of the Russian constitution. Photograph: Dean Mouhtaropoulos/Getty Images

With the findings of the criminal investigation into the Flight MH17 disaster due in mid-year, it’s instructive to see Russia’s president Vladimir Put(...)

Former Russian prime minister Mikhail Kasyanov, who has condemned as ‘incitement to murder’ a video posted by Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov showng him in the cross-hairs of a sniper’s rifle. Photograph: Alexander Zemlianichenko/AP

One of Russian president Vladimir Putin’s most loyal allies has stirred fear among Kremlin critics by releasing a video showing opposition leader Mik(...)