This map shows the rover’s entire traverse from landing Eagle Crater to its current location at Endeavour Crater. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS/NMMNHS

The Mars rover Opportunity has set a world record for the quickest marathon yet completed, covering the required 26.2 miles or 42km in a breathtaking (...)

In a handout image, an artist’s rendering of what researchers believe Mars looked like around 4 billion years ago, when water now frozen in the planet’s icecaps formed a great northern ocean. NASA estimates that water could have covered about 19 percent of the red planet’s surface. Photograph: Greg Shirah/NASA via The New York Times

Mars once had a large ocean of water, some parts of it more than a kilometre and a half deep. But most of this was lost into space leaving Mars the de(...)

The United Launch Alliance Delta IV Heavy rocket in preparation for the first flight test of Nasa’s new Orion spacecraft at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. Photograph: Mike Brown/Reuters

People are being invited to sign up for a free “boarding pass” for trips into space. The plan is to start small with orbital flights but will later in(...)

Dr Joseph Roche: Shortlisted for mission to Mars

Growing up on a small farm in Kildare, Joseph Roche spent many clear nights gazing at the stars, dreaming of becoming an astronaut. He couldn’t have k(...)

Nasa’s Curiosity rover used the Mars Hand Lens Imager  to capture this set of 55 high-resolution images, which were stitched together to create this full-colour self-portrait. Photograph: JPL-Caltech/Malin Space Science Systems/Nasa/Reuters

Analysis of Martian soil by Nasa’s ongoing Mars Curiosity rover has turned up a surprising amount of water, as well as a chemical that will make a sea(...)

For a man who has just been introduced as a modern Isambard Kingdom Brunel or Henry Ford, the 41-year-old Elon Musk looks nervous and hesitant (...)