Lima was never going to save the world. What the UN’s 20th climate change conference (Cop20) was meant to do, however, was to lay firm foundations for(...)

Late-night wrangling between UN members in Lima secured agreement between developing and rich nations on a framework  to cut pollution. Photograph: John Giles/PA Wire

After a marathon round of negotiations in Lima, sleepless delegates from all over the world have produced a road map that should lead to a historic in(...)

President of COP20, Peruvian minister of environment Manuel Pulgar-Vidal (right) and executive secretary of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change Christiana Figueres applaud after the approval of  document dubbed The Lima Call for Climate Action. Photograph: EPA

The UN’s 20th climate-change conference in Lima – Cop20 – could easily have fallen apart, and it looked as if it would on Saturday. But the irreconcil(...)

The Peruvian environment minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal delivering a speech during the opening of the  20th United Nations Climate Change Conference at Lima, Peru, this month. Photograph: Paolo Aguilar

Frantic negotiations to salvage the UN’s 20th climate conference are running right up to the wire after an earnest plea to negotiators by its presi(...)

Environmental activists on a ‘People’s Climate March’ on Wednesday in  Lima, where negotiators from 190 countries are attempting to lay the foundation for a global agreement on climate change in Paris next year. Photograph: Guadalupe Pardo/Reuters

As the UN’s 20th climate change conference struggled to break a deadlock, ministers and delegates from more than 190 countries were reminded of the hi(...)

US secretary of state John Kerry speaking in Lima: “We can rise above the debates that have dragged us down . . . for the sake of our children and our grandchildren”. Photograph: Enrique Castro-Mendivil/Reuters

If an ambitious agreement is not reached urgently to tackle the grave threat posed by climate change, it would be seen by future generations as a “mas(...)

Leaders of the Shipibo people from the Peruvian Amazon in Lima, where the UN climate change conference is taking place, to highlight the rights of indigenous people. Since 2002, at least 57 environmental activists have been killed in Peru. Photograph:  Mariana Bazo/Reuters

As ministers from four Latin American countries announced a high-profile initiative to restore and “re-forest” millions of hectares of degraded land i(...)

Part of the “Black Vultures” art installation by artist Cristina Planas at Villa Wetlands, a protected natural area south of Lima. The display is  part of the UN Climate Change Conference  taking place in Lima. Photograph: Reuters/Guadalupe Pardo.

Ministers from dozens of countries, including Minister for Energy and Natural Resources Alex White, arriving in Lima for the final week of UN climate (...)

Marcos Avilques and Marcio Kokoj of the Co-ordination of the Indigenous Organisations of the Brazilian Amazon address a news conference as part of the UN climate change conference in Lima. Photograph: Mariana Bazo/Reuters

Climate change adaptation costs for developing countries are likely to be double or even treble current estimates of $70 billion-$100 billion (€57 bil(...)

 UN climate conference in Lima told this year is on track to be the hottest year on record, or at least one of the top three. Photograph: Mariana Bazo/Reuters

This year is on track to be the hottest year on record, or at least one of the top three, according to a provisional statement released at the UN c(...)