A still image  from video footage  shows a burning trail as a plane comes down after being shot down near the Turkish-Syrian border. Photograph: EPA

In the blue sky above northern Syria, a dark shape moved. It was a Russian SU-24 attack aircraft. Over the past week, Russian jets based at the Khmeim(...)

Further external interventions would provoke deeper regional upheavals and send more refugees and instability towards Europe.  ANNE-CHRISTINE POUJOULAT/AFP/Getty Images

The Paris atrocities pose stark political choices in Europe and the Middle East, both of which are struggling with the fallout from Syria’s devastatin(...)

Reem Akkad, a Syrian-American woman who was born in Michigan and who grew up in the US, Syria and other parts of the Middle East. She is a board member of Syrian American Rescue Network, a non-political and non-religious group of volunteers in southern-eastern Michigan set up to help Syrians settle in the US. Photograph: Simon Carswell 2:53

Lujain Breijawi and her cousin Alaa Breijawi, both 24, sit in their rented home in a Detroit suburb in Michigan, as Alaa’s daughter Hind (4) plays beh(...)

Hanover stadium ahead of the  Germany and Netherlands, which has been cancelled due to security concerns. Photograph: Peter Steffen/EPA 1:00

The Germany vs Netherlands friendly soccer match has been cancelled amid security concerns. Hanover stadium, which was due to host the match, was evac(...)

This image made from video released by the French Army Communications Audiovisual office  shows a French army jet taking off from a site in Jordan to strike at Islamic State group targets. Photograph: ECPAD/APTN via AP

France bombed the Syrian city of Raqqa on Sunday night, its most aggressive strike against the Islamic State group it blames for killing 129 people in(...)

French fighter jets launched their biggest raids in Syria to date targeting the Islamic State’s stronghold in Raqqa. Photograph: Thierry Chesnot/Getty Images

French fighter jets launched their biggest raids in Syria to date targeting the Islamic State’s stronghold in Raqqa just two days after the group c(...)

Saudi King Salman with  Egypt’s president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. Both condemned the weekend attacks in Paris. Photograph:  Fayez Nureldine/AFP/Getty Images

Middle Eastern leaders condemned Friday’s terrorist attacks in Paris. Saudi King Salman called them “repugnant”, offering condolences to François H(...)

Migrants arriving at the port of Mytilene on Lesbos: Since the start of this year, more than 500 people have drowned while trying to make the sea crossing between Turkey and Greece’s islands. Photograph: Stratis Balaskas/EPA

Like most urban burial grounds in Greece, space is at a premium in the main cemetery in Mytilene, capital of the country’s third largest island, Le(...)

The King Abdullah bin Al Hussein Training Centre where a Jordanian officer went on a shooting spree on Monday, killing two Americans one South African.  Photograph: Muhammad Hamed/Reuters

A Jordanian army officer shot dead two American military personnel and one South African and wounded six other people on Monday at a US-funded securit(...)

Migrants clamber on to a dinghy to sail for the Greek island of Chios from the western Turkish coastal town of Cesme on Wednesday. Greece and Bulgaria complain that Turkey does nothing to halt the flow into their countries of refugees. Photograph: Umit Bektas/Reuters

In celebration of the parliamentary election victory of the Justice and Development Party (AKP), Ankara arrested three dozen opposition figures and mo(...)