President Barack Obama walks down the steps of Air Force One at Andrews Air Force Base after returning from a foreign trip to Saudi Arabia, England and Germany. Photograph: AP/Susan Walsh

Barack Obama is in the final months of his presidency and keen to justify his domestic and international achievements before he leaves office. His fin(...)

Supporting Donald Trump at the California Republican Convention in Burlingame, California on Friday. Photograph: Stephen Lam/Reuters

Deal-maker Donald Trump, the self-declared presumptive Republican presidential nominee, is negotiating his way to the election in November on a simple(...)

 Pope Francis   with US vice-president Joe Biden. Photograph: AFP Photo/Osservatore Romano

For the second time in this US election year, a senior Democratic figure, on Friday, dropped in on Pope Francis at the Vatican.   Two weeks’ ag(...)

Followers of Iraqi Shia   cleric, politician and militia leader, Moqtada al-Sadr,  protesting  outside Baghdad’s heavily fortified Green Zone last week. Photograph: Ahmed Saad/Reuters

With tens of thousands of protesters marching in the streets of Baghdad to demand changes in government, Iraq’s Shia prime minister, Haider al-Abadi, (...)

Easing congestion comes as crude exports from Iraq’s southern ports are set to drop to 3.085 million barrels per day

Falling Iraqi oil exports have eased a huge traffic jam of tankers waiting to load crude at the Iraqi port of Basra, with queuing times falling by abo(...)

Cache of leaked documents obtained by international media contains 11,000 leaked files with 4,600 individual records of Islamic State fighters. Photograph: Reuters

An Algerian-Irish citizen is among thousands of foreign fighters listed among Islamic State recruits in a cache of leaked documents obtained by inter(...)

Joshua Molloy

A 24-year-old Irishman who was arrested in Iraq for fighting against Islamic State (Isis) has been released, Minister for Foreign Affairs Charlie Flan(...)

Iraqi government forces under Islamic State slogans, in the town of Heet, which they are battling to retake from Isis jihadists. Photograph: Moadh Al-Dulaimi/AFP/Getty Images

It’s a diverse, fast-growing organisation with an expanding bureaucracy. Integrating its well-educated, multilingual workforce is a major headache, bu(...)

US president Barack Obama in London: “Maybe some point down the line there might be a UK-US trade agreement, but it’s not going to happen any time soon.” Photograph: Andy Rain/EPA

Barack Obama has warned that Britain will be “at the back of the queue” in negotiating a new trade deal with the United States if it votes to leave t(...)

In Switzerland, the only peaceful country to adopt an all-party administration, parliament uses a “magic formula” to give  parties seats  on the seven-person Federal Council.  Introduced in 1959, this “zauberformel” has worked quite well.

Every four years or so, democracy involves a change of parliament. Five million citizens cannot negotiate a new Dáil; there would be chaos; so we have(...)