A man raises his arms after  an alleged  airstrike by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad in the village of Sarmin on Wednesday.Photograph: Reuters

Members of the United Nations Security Council cried when Syrian doctors showed a video of failed attempts to resuscitate three children after a chlo(...)

Rebel fighters from Suqour al-Sham Brigade fire their weapons towards forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad that are fleeing Idlib city. Photograph: Mohamad Bayoush/Reuters

Islamic fighters led by al-Qaeda’s branch in Syria have seized almost full control of the north-western city of Idlib, taking over major roundabouts a(...)

Crac des Chevaliers, an 11th century crusader castle in Syria which has been reclaimed by the country’s department of antiquities, having been seized by insurgents in 2012. Photograph: Getty Images/iStockphoto

Syria’s department of antiquities has reclaimed the vast 11th- century crusader castle Crac des Chevaliers from the army and taken charge of the si(...)

Children playing at a makeshift settlement for Syrian refugees in Bar Elias, in the Bekaa valley. The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said more than 215,000 people have been killed since the start of the crisis in 2011, about  half of them civilians. Photograph: Jamal Saidi/Reuters

The four-year-old Syrian conflict has precipitated the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since the second World War. An estimated 200,000-220,000 ha(...)

Members of al-Qaeda’s Nusra Front prepare to fire a mortar towards forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad in al-Mallah farms, north of Aleppo, last month. Photograph: Hosam Katan/Reuters

Al-Qaeda’s Syrian branch was left reeling on Friday after its military chief was killed in an apparent army air strike, adding to confusion over the f(...)

 A handout picture from  the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) shows Syrian families being evacuated from Ghouta, Damascus, Syria on Saturday. Photograph: EPA/SANA

The Syrian wing of al Qaeda, the Nusra Front, said on Sunday it had shot down an army cargo plane carrying food and ammunition overnight, but Syrian (...)

Rebel fighters walk around the Hamidiya base, one of two military posts they took control of from forces loyal to Syria’s President Bashar al-Assad on Monday. Photograph: Reuters.

Around 100 Syrian soldiers and 80 Islamist fighters were killed during a two-day battle in which insurgents captured the Wadi al-Deif military base, (...)

A file image of an explosion that occurred  after an apparent US-led coalition airstrike on Islamic State targets near Kobani in Syria last week. Photograph: Erdem Sahin/EPA.

A US-led coalition set up to fight Islamic State has bombed the al-Qaeda-linked Nusra Front and another radical faction in northwest Syria. The(...)

Kurdish refugees from the Syrian town of Kobani in a refugee camp  the Turkish town of Suruc yesterday. Turkey has warned of  a further wave of refugees. Photograph: Yannis Behrakis/Reuters

Syrian forces are committing massacres in and around Syria’s second city, Aleppo, Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoglu claimed yesterday.As US warpl(...)

A convoy of Iraqi peshmerga fighters arrive in southeastern Turkey early today ahead of their planned deployment to the Syrian town of Kobani to help fellow Kurds repel an Islamic State advance which has defied US-led air strikes. Photograph: Reuters

A convoy of Iraqi peshmerga fighters and weaponry has made its way across southeastern Turkey en route for the Syrian town of Kobani to try to help fe(...)