Uphill battle: the aftermath of air strikes in Kafr Nabel, a town in Idlib province. Photograph: Hadi al-Abdallah via AP

The timeline of Syria’s grinding civil war is dotted with illusory turning points. These were atrocities or grim milestones that the world assumed wou(...)

Russian president Vladimir Putin and French president Francois Hollande at the start of a summit on Ukraine in Paris on Friday. Photograph: Etienne Laurent/Pool.

The Russian defence ministry said on Friday that it had bombed seven targets in Syria in overnight air raids, including a command post and a traini(...)

In this 2010 file photo, Syria president Bashar al-Assad addresses reporters following his meeting with French President Nicolas Sarkozy at the Elysee Palace in Paris, France. Photograph: AP Photo/Remy de la Mauviniere

Over the past two years, Bashar al-Assad has lost control of two-thirds of Syria. Last spring, Islamists took over most of the northwestern province o(...)

Residents inspect a site damaged by what activists said was an airstrike by forces loyal to Syria’s president Bashar al-Assad. Photograph: Abdalrhman Ismail/Reuters

Syrian government forces used newly delivered Russian warplanes to bombard Islamic State insurgents in Aleppo province in northern Syria, a group moni(...)

Gay Syrian refugee Subhi Nahas and the US ambassador to the UN, Samantha Power, at the UN headquarters in New York on Monday. Photograph: Mike Segar/Reuters

Islamic State has claimed responsibility for killing at least 30 people for sodomy, the head of an international gay rights organisation has told the (...)

Lebanon’s Hizbullah deputy leader Sheikh Naim Qassem speaks as Syrian foreign minister Walid al-Moualem (centre) and Iran’s minister of culture  Ali Jannati listen during the International Media Conference Against Terrorism in Damascus. Photograph: Omar Sanadiki/Reuters

Syrian president Bashar al- Assad yesterday welcomed “positive” changes in western attitudes to the conflict in the country – suggesting the United St(...)

President Assad described the regime’s surrender of territory as a question of priorities, given its limited resources. Photograph: Getty

Syrian president Bashar al-Assad has admitted his regime has a shortage of soldiers and has suffered military setbacks. In his first public speech for(...)

Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) fighters stand at the Syrian-Turkish border crossing of Tel Abyad, as vehicles transport people who were wounded in violence, which activists said was caused by Islamic State fighters in Kobani, Syria on Thursday. Photograph: Rodi Said/Reuters

Islamic State fighters launched simultaneous attacks against the Syrian government and Kurdish militia overnight, moving back onto the offensive after(...)

A Syrian refugee from the northern Syrian town of Tel Abyad and her children  waiting for aid in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, Turkey. Photograph: Umit Bektas/Reuters

Islamic State (IS) fighters are preventing fuel shipments from reaching rebel-held parts of northern Syria, causing severe shortages that are paralysi(...)

Syrian Kurdish fighters celebrate on Monday after wresting Tal Abyad from Islamic State. Photograph: Rodi Said/Reuters

Islamic State fighters have been expelled from the strategic town of Tal Abyad by a Syrian Kurdish militia bolstered by US air cover. Commander Husey(...)