Luxembourg prime minister Xavier Bettel with British counterpart David Cameron and German chancellor Angela Merkel during the  EU leaders summit in response to the migrant crisis. Photograph: Reuters

As the world watched footage of desperate migrants scrambling to reach European shores this week, the need for a global and European response to the t(...)

 Oskar Groening (93) at the first day of his trial to face charges of being accomplice to the murder of 300,000 people at the Auschwitz concentration camp. Photograph:  Andreas Tamme/Getty Images  2:19

A 93-year-old former bookkeeper at Auschwitz who is accused of being an accessory to mass murder told a German court on Tuesday that he felt morally (...)

Poland says James Comey’s article in the Washington Post wrongly implied it was complicit in the Nazi genocide of European Jews. The above photograph shows the main gates of the Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp. Photograph: Reuters.

Poland has summoned the United States’ ambassador in Warsaw over an article written by a top US intelligence official on Poland’s alleged responsib(...)

Ireland was ranked behind the UK, Austria and Lithuania, among others, but scored above the average of 31 per cent. Hungary and Cyprus ranked lowest in the survey. Photograph: Getty Images

Ireland has been ranked sixth best out of 19 EU member states in a survey of measures in place to guard against “undue influence” in the political sys(...)

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras and Russian president Vladimir Putin attend a signing ceremony at the Kremlin in Moscow. Photograph: AFP Photo

Ever since the election of the Syriza-led government just over two months ago the shadow of Russia has been a looming presence in the current Greek st(...)

Labour leader Ed Miliband in Huddersfield while on the election campaign trail yesterday. Photograph: Chris Radburn/PA Wire

Ed Miliband’s pledge to end what he called the “epidemic” of zero-hours contracts is likely to send shivers down the spines of big UK employers such a(...)

Greek prime minister Alexis Tsipras’s visit to Russia offered a reflection of diffidence and division across Europe. Photograph: Francois Mori/AP

The pilgrimage of Greek premier Alexis Tsipras to Moscow told a tale of two tragedies. One, perilously close to the denouement, is about Greece’s unce(...)

Rebecca Meehan in Paris

Although some of my friends and family thought I was mad going travelling alone, I questioned my sanity only once. I’d been away for two months and(...)

Ukrainian servicemen ride on top of an armoured personnel carrier on the way from Artemivsk to Debaltseve. Photograph: Anatoli Stepanolli/AFP 1:21

Ukraine pulled thousands of troops out of an encircled town on Wednesday after a massive assault by pro-Russian rebels, who ignored a new ceasefire to(...)

Benedict Anderson’s classic account of the history of nationalism, Imagined Communities (1982, rev. 1993) asks a simple question in its early pages: w(...)