Renua Ireland leader Lucinda Creighton. The party will make the flat rate suggestion in its pre-budget submission. Photograph: Gareth Chaney Collins

Renua Ireland will propose a flat rate income tax of 23 per cent when it publishes its pre-budget submission on Monday. The party has made a flat tax(...)

Estonian security officer Eston Kohver attends a news conference in the premises of the security police (KAPO) in Tartu, Estonia on Saturday.  Photograph: Reuters

Russia and Estonia on Saturday exchanged two prisoners who had been convicted of espionage, carrying out the swap on a bridge at a border post between(...)

Minister for Finance Michael Noonan: the Irish Tax Institute expects him to implement tax cuts worth €600 million to €700 million in the budget. Photograph: Eric Luke

Ireland risks deterring high- calibre foreign executives from moving here because of its relatively high tax rates, the Irish Tax Institute has warne(...)

The International Labour Organisation found men were paid more than women in all 38 countries examined. The biggest pay gap was in the US, where women earn $64.20 on average for every $100 earned by a man

Should women be paid less than men? The answer would obviously seem to be no. Yet it seems wage disparities are still alive, well and even widening(...)

Robbie Keane’s five goals in two matches against Gibraltar have enabled him win back top scorer slot in  history of European qualification matches from Cristiano Ronaldo. Photograph: Adam Davy/PA Wire.

Andrea Pirlo was one of the classiest midfield playmakers in Europe for more than a decade, but it turns out that doesn’t count for much in Major L(...)

The Reichstag in Berlin, where Angela Merkel’s  coalition will vote on the third Greek bailout. Photograph: Stefanie Loos/Reuters

Last week, the glass Reichstag dome atop Berlin’s parliament was closed to visitors when the air inside neared a scorching 50 degrees. Although it’s c(...)

The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull reminded us just how damaging such events can be. However, the most costly Icelandic eruption of recent times was financial in nature: proportionately, the country’s banking bust was even bigger than Ireland’s.

Iceland is a country that, in recent history, has seen many volcanic eruptions that have changed the landscape as well as occasionally sometimes troub(...)

Apple’s logo outside its Irish campus. The company’s tax arrangementsin Ireland are the subject of an EU investigation. Photographer: Aidan Crawley/Bloomberg

Until a few months ago, the medieval town of Athenry in County Galway owed its fame mainly to a song. Irish rugby and football fans often burst into (...)

An ‘internal technical issue’ knocked the New York Stock Exchange, the cathedral of US capitalism, out of action for hours on Wednesday. Photograph:  Spencer Platt/Getty Images

This was not a great week for the modern computerised stock market. The New York Stock Exchange, essentially the cathedral of US capitalism, was knock(...)

Klaus Regling: as director of the ESM he helps manage the bailout programme and loans. Photograph: Julien Warnand/EPA

Ahead of tomorrow’s referendum uncertainties abound over whether Greece will apply for a third bailout, what it would look like and, most importantly,(...)