Lt Gen William (Bill) O’Callaghan (also known as   “The Bull” Callaghan): an accomplished and unflappable leader, he   described the experience of peacekeeping in the Middle East as follows: “We must look for trouble at the four points of the compass. And then we look behind our backs.”

Throughout his Army career, Lieut Gen Bill O’Callaghan, who has died aged 94, was not known by his true name. To his comrades and many admirers, he (...)

President Pierre Nkurunziza: Burundi has suffered a worsening wave of violence since he said he would seek a third term. Photograph:  Goran Tomasevic/Reuters

The United Nations has documented cases of Burundi’s security forces gang-raping women during searches of opposition supporters’ houses and heard witn(...)

L-R: Jordanne Jones, Ferdia Walsh-Peelo, Charlie Kelly, Stephen Fingelton. Photograph: Dara Mac Dónaill

Ferdia Walsh-Peelo Actor Ferdia Walsh-Peelo was always likely to become famous. Born and raised in Co Wicklow, the good-looking, sleek 16-year-old ha(...)

A boy (8) left severely disfigured after being attacked by a group of chimpanzees  is to undergo surgery in the US. File photograph: Catherine Abbott/ BBC/PA Wire

An eight-year-old boy left severely disfigured after a group of chimpanzees attacked him and two other boys as they played in the Democratic Republic (...)

Clockwise from top: Rwanda’s Paul Kagame; Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni; DRC president Joseph Kabila; and  Burundi’s Pierre Nkurunziza

The recent decision by Rwanda’s electorate to allow Paul Kagame to seek a third term in office – and Kagame’s confirmation last Friday that he will do(...)

Pope Francis kisses a statue of baby Jesus as he arrives to celebrate New Year’s Day Mass in St Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican.  Photograph: Gregorio Borgia/AP

In his first message of 2016, Pope Francis summoned humanity to show compassion and to transcend the apathy that impedes peace in a world that has of (...)

 Saoirse Ronan in ‘Brooklyn’, John Crowley’s film adaptation of Colm Tóibín’s novel. Photograph: Kerry Brown/Mongrel Media

Irish film and television has come of age this year with a number of critical and box office success stories, Irish Film Board chief executive James H(...)

A voter shows off his inked thumb after casting his vote in Rwanda’s capital Kigali   during a referendum as Rwandans vote to amend its constitution to allow President Paul Kagame to seek a third term.  Photograph: James Akena/Reuters

Rwandans voted on Friday in a referendum on changing the constitution that would allow President Paul Kagame to extend his term in office, possibly un(...)

Migrants walking through a field to cross the border from Greece to Macedonia near the Greek village of Idomeni on August 29th. Photograph:   Aris Messinis/AFP/Getty Images

The number of people forcibly displaced worldwide is likely to have “far surpassed” a record 60 million this year, mainly driven by the Syrian war and(...)

Mongolian women working in the clothing industry. When women are paid, they earn on average 24%  less than men

Global development is being held back by the relative shortage of women in paid work, with participation rates having risen only slightly in the past (...)